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The Dream Project

Essay by   •  February 15, 2019  •  Research Paper  •  2,964 Words (12 Pages)  •  22 Views

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The Dream Project

2018

Abstract:

For my research project I decided to investigate where dreams come from and what types of different dreams there are. I wanted to find If peoples dreams have a specific pattern they follow. In order to prove my hypothesis I asked 18 students in my class to record their dreams every night for 2 weeks. I then collected all their results and analysed the data to find any patterns. I also did some online research on credible websites to discover what types of dreams exist and what are the theories behind it.

After analysing the results of my experiment I concluded that 54% of people have what are called “daily life” dreams, and the rest are scattered around in different categories. Although I came to a conclusion, my results were not reliable at all because my subjects were very irregular in submitting their dreams, and I had only has a small group of 18 people in the experiment. However, I decided to do some research of my own and found that most people do in fact have “daily dreams” but a large percentage have other types too for example physiological dreams, lucid dreams and psychological dreams, and that is what I missed out while conducting my experiment.

Theory: Dreams are triggered by different things for each individual. For example person A only has dreams about his fantasies and what he wishes for, while person B has dreams about events that have already taken place in his past, and person C could have dreams that are most often scary ones(nightmares).

Hypothesis: If the dreams of 18 people are recorded for 2 weeks every day, then each individual's dreams will have a common theme as mentioned above. 

Process/experiment plan:

- use 18 students(including myself) in class as subjects

- create Edmodo group where students can type up their responses 

  • ask them to write up their dreams every day for 2 weeks 
  • collect and analyse data to find any patterns
  • Conduct online research
  • Conclusion

All research is conducted within age groups 15-17

The science behind dreaming:

The whole entire brain takes part in the process of dreaming. The limbic system(includes the amygdala) located in the centre of your brain controls all the emotions, especially ones dealing with fear.

The cortex controls the content/plot of your dream. It comes with all the creative images in our heads while we dream, for example, the scary monsters you visualise in nightmares.

During an ongoing dream out frontal lobes are the least active which explains we can accept all of the unordinary things going on in our head, as the frontal lobe deals with our voluntary movements.

Online research (theories+types of dreams)

Theory 1: Psychoanalytic theory by Sigmund Freud:

Who is Sigmund Freud?

An Austrian neurologist who was most famous for founding ‘psychoanalysis’

What is psychoanalysis?

“a system of psychological theory and therapy that aims to treat mental disorders by investigating the interaction of conscious and unconscious elements in the mind and bringing repressed fears and conflicts into the conscious mind by techniques such as dream interpretation and free association.”[1]

What was his theory?

Freud believed that the human brain is divided into three parts:

  • ‘Id’ which is our unconscious thoughts. Our urges, desires, wishes and dreams.
  • ‘Ego’ which is our conscious rational and moral part of our brain.
  • ‘Superego’ which blurs out/censors the ‘id’ part of our brain forcing us to act moral and rational(ego).

What Freud was trying to put forth is that when we dream our unconscious thoughts AKA our ‘id’ comes out, and we begin to express our desires and wishes while we dream. The ‘Id’ is usually suppressed but comes out in the form of dreams.

Theory 2: Random

dreams are completely random generated by impulses that take place while we are asleep

Theory 3: Memory reboot

When you are awake you see many things for a very short period of time. This theory suggests that when you’re asleep your brain will delve into these short visions you had during the day and it will investigate it further.

Theory 4: Clean up

This theory suggests that dreams are merely a method your brain uses to clean up any unwanted or unimportant memories. Since humans are so developed as individuals we have a lot of content stored In our brains, so this clean up refreshes our mind and prepares us for a new day.

Theory 5: Emotions

Our dreams our linked to what we are feeling in that moment or the emotion we felt throughout the day, resulting in happy/sad/scary(etc) dreams.


Theory 6: Opposing emotions

Your dreams are completely opposite to the emotions you’re feeling. For example, If you’ve had a bad day, your dream will be a happy joyful one to make you feel better. [pic 1]

8 Types of dreams

  1. Nightmares(scary dreams)
  • emotionally draining
  • Engage thoughts of fear and anxiety
  • Designed by subconscious
  • Represent big issues in our daily life(but exaggerated)[pic 2]

  1. Recurring dreams
  • dreams that repeat more than one night
  • Trying to tell you a message but they repeat because you are not paying attention to the message that is trying to be conveyed
  • Its intent is to influence the dreamer in a positive manner

[pic 3]

  1. Psychic dreams
  • “subconscious absorbing information from the conscious world”[2] and they make you respond to it in a certain way, so when you come across an issue like that again you feel as though you have predicted the future in a dream

  1. Telepathic dreams

- When you visualise an event in your dream and it actually comes true(sort of like telling the future)[pic 4]

  1. Lucid dreams
  • conscious enough to know we are dreaming
  • Thought of as the best type of dream
  • Can direct the dream where you want it to go(plot wise)
  • So vivid its seems real
  • Not symbolic to anything

  1. Daily life
  • familiar faces and places
  • Depicts everyday life
  • Can be triggered by sounds around you while you sleep
  1. Compensatory dreams
  • Reveals our dark side(does not mean you’re a bad person because everyone has one side that they repress)
  • Expresses thoughts and emotions that wouldn’t be acted upon in the real world
  • Meant to balance our personalities and vent out unusual emotions
  1. Physiological dreams
  • “direct reflections of our needs in the conscious world”[3]

For example “someone dreams of feeling cold in the snow, which could mean that they need an extra blanket”[4]

Results and analysis of research conducted:

  1.  Male, 15 (cameron)

Day 1: does not remember what he dreamt of

Day 2: does not remember

Day 3: I dreamt that I accidentally sent my house on fire

Day 4: I do not remember my dream

Day 5: I do not remember

Day 6: last night I dreamt about theatre hopping with a bunch of friends then I woke up when the police burst in

...

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