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Teen Pregnancy

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Research Paper: Teen Pregnancy

Adolescent pregnancy has long been a societal concern, but in the past decade, this issue has become one of the most frequently cited examples of the perceived societal decay in the United States. The United States has the highest teen pregnancy rate in the western world with approximately 1 million adolescents becoming pregnant every year (National Women's Health Information Center). Teenagers are engaging in sexual activity, and at the same time they are choosing not to practice safe sex. Why are they partaking in such behavior? There are many reasons as to why teens are having sex such as love, media influence, poverty, and family. The result of this adolescent behavior is childbearing, which has many negative effects and most teens are unaware of them. A couple of these negative effects are lifestyle change and poverty. Adolescent pregnancies have an effect not only on the teen and her family, but it also has a universal effect on the United States as it has to spend tax dollars on social welfare. Anti-pregnancy campaigns need to be re-evaluated to reach adolescents and to prevent them from the hardships they will endure as a result of having a child at a young age.

Focus adolescent services, an information and support web and phone service, states that sexual content is regularly marketed to younger children, pre-teens, and teens and this affects young people's sexual activity and beliefs about sex (par. 2). According to Michael Sutton, in his book Shaking the Tree of Knowledge for Forbidden Fruit: Where Adolescents Learn About Sexuality and Contraception, children are exposed to an overwhelming amount of content filled with sexual messages (25). He gives the following statistics: In 2003, 83% of the episodes of the top 20 shows among teen viewers contained some sexual content, including 20% with sexual intercourse. Forty-two percent of the songs on the top CDs in 1999 contained sexual content -- 19% included direct descriptions of sexual intercourse. On average, music videos contain 93 sexual situations per hour, including eleven "hard core" scenes depicting behaviors such as intercourse and oral sex. Girls who watched more than 14 hours of rap music videos per week were more likely to have multiple sex partners and to be diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease. Before parents raised an outcry, Abercrombie and Fitch marketed a line of thong underpants decorated with sexually provocative phrases such as "Wink Wink" and "Eye Candy" to 10-year-olds. Neilson estimates that 6.6 million children ages 2-11 and 7.3 million teens ages 12-17 watched Justin Timberlake rip open Janet Jackson's bodice during the 2004 Super Bowl halftime show (25-55). A survey (given to teens 13 to 16 years old) administered by NBC News and People Magazine gave several more reasons as to why teens are having sex. These included: the teens had met the right person, were curious, hoped it would make their relationship closer, pressure from partner, wanted to be more popular and accepted, and to satisfy a sexual desire. Reasons such as curiosity and a desire for popularity cannot be completely helped; they are a symbol of today's society and how times have changed. It is said that if parents sit down with their child at a young age, inform them of the consequences but also give them different views of handling the situations teens will be more likely to not become pregnant. I do believe that if parents instill love and self-worth in their children at a young age, the children will not look for it in the opposite sex. The media holds large responsibility for today's youth participating in sexual activity. Shows that are geared towards pre-teens should have little (such as holding hands) to no sexual connotation.

The act of sex leads to pregnancy, but more specifically is the act of unprotected sex. In Daniel Hong's Why Do So Few Teens Use Protection, because I trust my partner, because it's not comfortable, and because it was unplanned were the reasons given by teens (17), and most other scholars agree. Obviously adolescents do not realize the severity of their risky behavior. It is not being emphasized that only once without protection can cause pregnancy as well as the contraction of an STD.

Teens are having sex, they are not using protection, and as a result they are getting pregnant. After the pregnancy come the negative side effects. As a result of becoming a young mother, adolescents will enter a cycle of education failure, poverty, unemployment, and low self-esteem (Smith 62). Often, the teen has to drop out of school in order to work and support their child. Then they are denied many well-paying jobs with benefits because they do not have an education. As a result, the young mother and the baby live in poverty, and after viewing the situation and looking at her life the adolescent incurs self-esteem issues. A lifestyle change takes place. Teens are going from being free of worries to having to take care of another person all on their own. Teens don't have the financial or emotional means to do so. Teens without an education don't have a way of supporting a young child and generally can't handle all the responsibilities that come along with a child. A child needs constant attention, affection, and has numerous expenses that most teens don't have the resources to provide. These kids, who usually range from ages of 15-19, are still living at home, being supported by their parents and are in school full time. They don't have time to be a full-time student, full-time parent and a full-time worker.

Along with the youth and her family, the country as a whole feels the effects of her pregnancy. When adolescents get pregnant the government has to spend money. The children of teen mothers have higher health care, foster care and incarceration costs than those of older parents, says the report commissioned by the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, a non-profit advocacy group. Most teen mothers come from low-income households in which their mother had them at a young age. It is a continuing cycle so, like their parents, they earn less as adults and pay less in taxes. These funds that are invested in social welfare and the lack of tax money being received from teen mothers could be used for after school programs and our education system.

A good question to ask ourselves is, "How can we lesson the teen pregnancy rate?" Pregnancy prevention programs can be found in every state, and they have the potential to be very effective. I say potential because the current programs that are being implemented are not working in the fight against adolescent pregnancy. One of the main problems with these prevention programs is that many focus on abstinence only. The National Campaign



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