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The election of 1848 alienated Artisans and Protestant Evangelicals. In turn the Whig party formed state and local coalitions. The Know Nothings was one of the mot prominent of these coalitions. One of the major issues that the know Nothings approached was the fact that they all felt that the Whig and Democratic parties were corrupt. Many of the know nothings became impatient with traditional politics. Angelina Grimke and her sister attempted to abolish the sexist separation between the power men and women have. Lucretia Mott and Alizbeth Cady Staton organized the women's rights convention. All of these individual movements were not enough to overturn the ruling political order.

Immediately after Zachary Taylor's election in 1848Californias future became new issue. When California attempted to apply for statehood The tensions between the north and south were reborn. California tried to get rid of slavery. The compromise of 1820 was an attempt to resolve issues. These issues were to determine weather or not Utah and New Mexico would abolish slavery completely, o see if California could be a free state and to see if slave trade in Washington D.C would end. In the Election of1852 the Conscience and Cotton Whigs separated.

In the 1850 the industrial growth accelerated. Steam replaced water as the primary power source. Railroads stimulated industrial growth. Railroads transported or and also came a prime consumer. The federal Govt. gave land to developers then leased plots along proposed to finance construction. Western grain markets provided foodstuffs for American industrialization. The immigration of the unskilled workers drove millions from Europe. All these changes set the stage for political prices. Northern political leaders envisioned a nation based on free labor, but most of the west could not accept capitalism as a positive development.

Slavery was the focus on nearly every debate. Slavery questions challenged views of autonomy . The compromise of 1850 soothed regional fears. Southerners made slavery seem vital to the economies expansion. They used religion, the fact that it was more humane than wage slavery, and the fact that it made whites freer to support their cause. John Brown attacked the Federal Arsenal with the intent of considering succession.

Southerners had an uproar due to the fact that they didn't have a train route through the south. The Gadsden Purchase facilitated the development of a southern transcontinental railroad route. Senator obtained a route in Chicago. The Kansas Nebraska Act allowed for popular Sovereignty on the slavery question.

Northern coalitions tried to defeat the Kansas Nebraska act were unsuccessful but they formed the republican party. Northerners found evidence of slavery conspiracy in the Ostensend Manifesto and in the Caribbean and Central America.

Both sides started to send Armed settlers to Kansas. Proslavery forces voted illegally to organize the territory. John Brown killed five proslavery men. The Kansas issue led to violence in congress. Southerners praised the assault on senator Summer. The American party split over the issue of slivery, more northern people joined the republicans.

The Dred Scott decision Angered the north. A decree was made that congress could not limit slavery in the territories.



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