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A History Of Rembrandt

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_____ RembrandtвЂ"history, paintings, style, museums in Amsterdam and Brussels that house his works.

Presentation= Less than 30 minutes, Powerpoint, Lots or visuals on screeen and not a lot of writting. May read from cards or paper but not screen. Submit a CD of presentation.

presentation: Rembrandt or the Brussels' Musee des Beaux-Arts

1. History

A. Born=Parents=Where Grew Up

B. Time and Current Style

C. Education

D. Influences

E. Students

2. Style

A. Influnces

B. Contemporaries

C. How his works changed


3. Museums in Amsterdame




4. Museums in Brussells




5. Famous works in other Places.


1. History

A. Born July 15, 1606, Leiden, Netherlands

Died October 4, 1669, Amsterdam

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn Rembrandt originally spelled Rembrant.

Early years

Rembrandt was the fourth of 6 surviving children out of 10. Unlike many painters of his time, he did not come from a family of artists or craftsmen; his father, Harmen Gerritszoon van Rijn (1568вЂ"1630), was a miller. His mother, Neeltgen Willemsdochter van Zuytbrouck (1568вЂ"1640), came from a family of bakers.

Dutch painter and printmaker, one of the greatest storytellers in the history of art, possessing an exceptional ability to render people in their various moods and dramatic guises. Rembrandt is also known as a painter of light and shade and as an artist who favoured an uncompromising realism that would lead some critics to claim that he preferred ugliness to beauty.

Early in his career and for some time, Rembrandt painted mainly portraits. Although he continued to paintвЂ"and etch and, occasionally, drawвЂ"portraits throughout his career, he did so less frequently over time. Roughly one-tenth of his painted and etched oeuvre consists of studies of his own face as well as more formal self-portraits, a fact that has led to much speculation.

The core of Rembrandt's oeuvre, however, consists of biblical andвЂ"to a much lesser extentвЂ"historical, mythological, and allegorical “history pieces,” all of which he painted, etched, or sketched in pen and ink or chalk. Seen over his whole career, the changes in Rembrandt's style are remarkable. His approach to composition and his rendering of space and lightвЂ"like his handling of contour, form, and colour, his brushwork, and (in his drawings and etchings) his treatment of line and toneвЂ"are subject to gradual (or sometimes abrupt) transformation, even within a single work. The painting known as Night Watch (1640/42) was clearly a turning point in his stylistic development. These changes are not the result of an involuntary evolution; rather they should be seen as documenting a conscious search in pictorial and narrative respects, sometimes in discussion, as it were, with his great predecessors.

Rembrandt quickly achieved renown among Dutch art lovers and an art-buying public for his history paintings and etchings, as well as his portraits and self-portraits. His unusual etchings brought him international fame during his lifetime, and his drawings, which in fact were done as practice exercises or as studies for other works, were also collected by contemporary art lovers.

According to the myth that evolved after his death, Rembrandt died poor and misunderstood. It is true that by the end of his life his realism had been supplanted by Classicism and had become unfashionable in Holland. Nevertheless, his international reputation among connoisseurs and collectors only continued to rise. Certain artists in 18th-century Germany and Venice even adopted his style. He was venerated during the Romantic era and was considered a forerunner of the Romantic movement; from that point he was regarded as one of the greatest figures in art history. In The Netherlands itself, his fortunes have once again risen, and he has become a symbol of both greatness and Dutch-ness.

Early Years

The first name Rembrandt wasвЂ"and still isвЂ"extremely rare. It is akin to more common Dutch first names such as Remmert, Gerbrand, or IJsbrand. The way Rembrandt inscribed his name on his work evolved significantly. As a young man he signed his work only with the monogram RH (Rembrant Harmenszoon, “son of Harmen”); from 1626/27, with RHL; and in 1632, with RHL van Rijn (the L in the monogram presumably standing for Leidensis, “from Leiden,” the town in which he was born). At age 26, he began to sign his work with his first name only, Rembrant (ending only with a -t); from early 1633 onward until his death, he spelled his name Rembrandt (with -dt) and signed his works that way. It has been suggested that he began using his first name as his signature because he considered himself the equal of the great artists of the 15th and 16th centuriesвЂ"Michelangelo (Michelangelo Buonarroti), Titian (Tiziano Vecellio), and Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio) were also generally known by their first names.

Like most Dutch children of his day, Rembrandt attended elementary school (c. 1612вЂ"16), after which, from roughly 1616 to 1620, he attended the Latin School in Leiden, where biblical



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