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Autor: anton • April 19, 2011 • 2,203 Words (9 Pages) • 659 Views
The Evils of Human Cloning
About a decade ago, Scientist at Roslin Institute from Scotland surprised the entire world when the announced that they have cloned an adult sheep on February 22, 1997, Ð²Ð‚ÑšDollyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ, (Dudley 9). Scientists shocked the world because many believed that it was impossible to produce a clone from a donor cell taken from an adult rather than an, embryo, many resulting embryos had died before (Dudley 11). Dolly was created because, scientist at the Roslin Institute wanted to research on the reliable reproduction of animals genetically modified to produce therapeutic proteins in their milk (http://www.answers.com/topic/dolly-the-sheep). Researchers want to clone humans simply because; scientists believe by the cloning of humans, they believe that they will be able to find many cures to human disease (Dudley 11). Human cloning is banned in the U.S simply because President George W. Bush and his White House staff said, Ð²Ð‚Ñšunequivocally opposed to the cloning of human beings ether for reproduction or for researchÐ²Ð‚Ñœ, it also stated that Ð²Ð‚ÑšThe moral and ethical issues posed by human cloning are profound and can not be ignored in the quest for scientific discoveryÐ²Ð‚Ñœ (rarediseases.about.com). This made them pass many laws such as, The Human Cloning and Stem Research Act of 2003, which banned all of human cloning a research.
Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing, or previously existing, human being or clone tissue from that individual (http://www.answers.com). There are different types of human cloning are recombinant DNA technology, or DNA cloning, reproductive cloning, and therapeutic cloning (Dudley 7). Recombinant DNA technology (DNA Cloning) is the transfer of a DNA fragment of interest from one organism to a self-replicating genetic element such as bacterial plasmid (www.ornl.gov/sci/). Reproductive cloning is a technology used to generate an animal that has the same nuclear DNA as another currently or previously existing animal (www.ornl.gov/sci/). Therapeutic Cloning is,
also called Ð²Ð‚Ñšembryo cloning,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ is the production of human embryos for use in research (www.ornl.gov/sci/ ). The reason why cloning should be banned is because it is unethical, people deserve to come into the world in a way that will respect their dignity, a child should be born into this world from a loving union between a husband and a wife, to be loved and accepted as a new and distinct individual not with the forces of science (Dudley 46).
Human cloning is wrong because it is inhumane, clones are considered as distinct individuals, look at the realistic side of cloning; cloning makes a person become a twin to their mother/father which creates confusion in the parentage (Dudley 46). The reason why because, cloning completely changes the cycle of human reproduction from the context of a loving union between men and woman, producing a child with no parents in an ordinary sense, which makes a clone an object, not a distinct individual (Dudley 46). Human cloning is very harmful. It creates many side effects; take Dolly the sheep for example, before scientist put her to sleep she had many diseases such as lung disease, arthritis, her cells also showed signs of premature aging; she developed these traits due to reproductive cloning which created these ailments. This showed that cloning may cause premature illnesses because even thought Dolly was put to sleep, the illness she had were not likeable for a sheep to have until later in her life span (Sheldon), this shows that there may be a possibility that clones could die or may have a severe medical condition in life. Another thing that is abominable about human cloning is for example, a woman clones herself, her daughter soon becomes her sister, and her granddaughter, and this is such an irregular situation because the child may be chastise from their friends, and while the child is growing up the father of the clone may have the same affection that he had towards his wife when they were young because it is the same and exact replica of the mother growing up. Human cloning is also dreadful because say for example, two parents give birth to a child and the child dies at infancy they soon create a clone of that child, as the clone of that child gets older it will soon realize about what they done and soon become dishearten because it know realizes that it is an complete replacement of someone.
Human cloning is very unusual, with human cloning legalized many foreign countries will try to use clones and create an army will that will harm a country; there is a possibility that people will all abuse this technology. People in this society do not need to make a clone; it is completely irrelevant creating clone is allowing an individual to see themselves grow up. Human cloning is so unethical because take reproductive cloning for example, this is when a scientist creates a clone and is able to make the embryo develop in the wound of the making her to become pregnant; life is not suppose to be generated that way, even though some people may have the difficulties of conceiving a child they do not need to take that major step in order to have one, that is why our society has an adoption agency (http://www.nrlc.org). People in this society may go through desperate measures in order to have a child; reproduction cloning is not the answers to their problems because first of all human beings are giving birth to themselves. Having a child is suppose to be a miracle because when a personÐ²Ð‚™s baby is born, as it gets older you are going to see some of the traits, physical attributes that it has of you and your mate, cloning it may only have one, this is the whole meaning of creating life to be able to see you child grow and prosper as a new and unique individual. Human Cloning just corrupts the whole transition in this society; it is a drastic invasion of human parenthood, John OÐ²Ð‚™Conner author of Cloning, stated that Ð²Ð‚ÑšA Clone technically has no human parents, not by accident, but by design. This does disrespect both to the dignity of the human procreation of the conjugal union (marriage) (O'Conner 10). OÐ²Ð‚™Conner is right because when people clone they are neglecting the fact of conceiving a child by pregnancy, which makes both of the parentsÐ²Ð‚™ are not actual parents. For example, a women clones herself, both of them are not the actual parents, because they did not create that child through a process of sexual intercourse which makes the clone child only have identical traits as the mother but no traits from the father. People do not understand when they clone themselves they are not Ð²Ð‚Ñšhaving a child but creating childÐ²Ð‚Ñœ, because when human beings have children it is suppose to