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The Things They Carried Response 2

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Becoming a World Power, WW1, & Great Depression

Biweekly #17


Directions: Answer the questions on a separate sheet of paper. USE YOUR TEXTBOOK TO LOCATE THE ANSWERS.

Chapter 19-Becoming a World Power & WW1 (Pgs.429-443)

  1. Why did the U.S. declare War on Spain in 1898? People read the socking accounts of the conflict, they urged congress and the president to help free Cuba of Spanish rule. At first, the United States tried to stay out of the revolution, However, on the night of February 15, 1898, an American battleship blew up in the harbor of Havana, Cuba. When the ship exploded, more than 250 of those aboard were killed. Although to this day no one knows the cause of the explosion, the event led the United States to declare war on Spain on April 25, 1898.
  2. What lands did Spain turn over to the U.S. as a result of the war in 1898? At the peace talks, Spain agreed to free Cuba. Spain also turned over the islands of Guam in the Pacific and Puerto Rico in the West Indies to the United States. In addition, Spain told the Philippines to the United States for $20 million.
  3. How did the Spanish-American War affect politics in North Carolina? The growing involvement of the United States in world affairs affected North Carolina, as well as the rest of the country. In 1898, for example, the outbreak of the Spanish-American War had helped to divert many people’s attention from the reform movement of the Populists. On the other hand, the expansion of American territory and the opening of the Panama Canal opened new markets for North Carolina products, especially tobacco and textiles. As North Carolinians began to fight and work overseas, they often returned with a larger view of the world.
  4. What is imperialism? Imperialism is the establishment of political or economic control over other countries.
  5. How did the U.S practice imperialism? The U.S. practiced imperialism by expanding to different countries and concurring them.
  6. Why did settlers in Hawaii revolt against the Hawaiian queen? Settlers in Hawaii revolted against the Hawaiian queen because they fought to limit foreign power over Hawaii.
  7. What were the positive effects of the US acquiring Alaska? Not long after Alaska was purchased, gold was discovered there. Later, important deposits of coal, copper, and oil were found. In 1959, almost 100 years after Seward’s purchase, Alaska became the nation’s 49th State.
  8. Name two territories the U.S. acquired in the late 1800s. How was each acquired, and why were they valuable? Guam and Puerto Rico. They were both acquired by winning the war. And they were both valuable because now the U.S. could expand into Spain and gain more land.
  9. Why was the Panama Canal valuable to the U.S? After Panama won independence from Colombia later that year, the United States and Panama signed a treaty. The United States agreed to pay Panama $10 million then and $250,000 yearly for land on which the canal would be built.
  10. What were the terms that gave the U.S. the right to build the Panama Canal?
  11. What effect did the Panama Canal have on world trade?

Pgs. 433-443

  1. How did the conflict between Serbia and the Austro-Hungarian Empire draw the whole world into war (WW1)?
  2. How did President Wilson respond to the sinking of the Lusitania?
  3. How did America respond to the Zimmerman telegram?
  4. What events brought American into the WWI on the side of the Allied Powers?
  5. List three contributions the citizens of North Carolina made towards the war effort in WW1?
  6. How did WW1 end? What events brought the war to an end?
  7. What were conditions like for soldiers fighting in WW1?
  8. What was the League of Nations? Why did the US refuse to join it?
  9. What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
  10. The people of Germany were outraged by the Versailles Treaty of 1919. Why were the Germans outraged? Do you agree with the idea of severely punishing the losing side in a war? Why or why not?
  11. Compare and contrast conditions for Native Americans and Africans after WWI?
  12. What was the Red Scare?
  13. Explain why the 1920s were called the Roaring 20s?
  14. What did the 1921 immigration law do?
  15. What led to the passage of the immigration law in 1921?
  16. How did the automobile lead to growth of businesses?  
  17. What is “Civil Rights”? Give some examples of Civil Rights.
  18. What groups fought to gain civil rights in the 1920s?
  19. What consumer goods did the average American buy in the 1920s?
  20. How did women’s lives changed in the 1920s? Hint: Women were part of the “bloodless revolution”.

Chapter 20-Great Depression (Pgs.449-459)

  1. What was the underlying cause of the Great Depression?
  2. Why did stock prices begin to fall in September 1929?
  3. Compare the events of Black Thursday with the events of Black Tuesday?
  4. Why did people, even those who did not own stocks, make runs on their bank?
  5. Why did the banks collapse?
  6. How did president Hoover try to solve the problems of the Depression?
  7. In what ways did the people suffer during the Great Depression?
  8. Why did people elect Franklin D. Roosevelt for president?
  9. What was the New Deal? What did it accomplish?
  10. What was the Hundred Days and what were its goals?
  11. What was the Social Security Act?
  12. What was the Civilian Conservation Corps?
  13. What was the National Youth administration?
  14. How did Roosevelt’s approach to the Depression differ from Hoover’s?



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