Essays24.com - Term Papers and Free Essays
Search

Intro To Business

Essay by   •  September 7, 2010  •  4,040 Words (17 Pages)  •  1,631 Views

Essay Preview: Intro To Business

Report this essay
Page 1 of 17

Introduction to Business

Business plays a major role within our society. It is a creative and competitive activity that continuously contributes to the shaping of our society. By satisfying the needs and wants people cannot satisfy themselves, businesses improve the quality of life for people and create a higher standard of living.

It is a way for individuals to provide goods and services to consumers, and at the same time, produce a profit for themselves. Businesses are not only important because they provide goods and services for consumers, but they also improve the economy and increase jobs for people within society which is an additional fact producing a higher standard of living. To measure our societies standard of living, we must look to our "Gross National Product", which is the complete measure of our nations output. Unfortunately, inflation is a major problem in our nation which often reduces the Gross National Product. Inflation occurs when the goods become too high within society and spending decreases.

A central function within our economic system is satisfying the needs of the consumers with the use of limited supplies. The purpose of a business is to combine resources such as land, labor, and capital in a way that will make them more valuable. Operating in a political and economic climate that supports individual rights, American business has as its guiding principle the right to private ownership and profit. The amount of goods produced depends upon the number of resources available for use. This idea is commonly known as "Supply and Demand". Businesses must attempt to reach an equilibrium between the two which will directly impact the price of the products produced. If something is heavily demanded and at the same time, it's resources are limited, the price of the product will rise. This idea of course works both ways. The easier it is to produce something, the cheaper it will be. All economic systems begin with the same resources including land, labor, capital and technology. These resources may be limited at any given time, varying within the world at large, from country to country. This business cycle explains how business fluctuates from high to low prosperity, recession, depression and recovery over time. The major challenges faced by our nation today are the Federal Budget Deficit,

international trade deficit, the Decline of Smokestack America, and the conservation of energy. The Federal Budget Deficit occurs when our expenditures are greater then our revenues. International trade deficits occur when a nation imports more then it exports. The Decline of Smokestack America is when there is a change from an industrial to a post-industrial economy. Finally, the conservation of energy is so that there are a sufficient amount of natural resources necessary to produce goods. General economic growth or stagnation also has an important influence on business within our society. Many factors can affect it's condition, such as war, new inventions and technology, political assassinations, the discovery of physical and natural resources, labor negotiations, government action, and many others. When the economy is strong and the demand is high, businesses can prosper. Regardless of how great the economy may become, businesses still must compete with other firms for scarce raw materials and labor.

A businesses environment creates many opportunities as well as problems for prospering businesses. The environment determines what a business can do by shaping and channeling its development. Businesses function within an environment by allowing entrepreneurs to raise capital and create profits freely. The supply of money available within a business as well as the economic stability through times of growth and recession have strong effects on businesses. Not only is the physical environment, including natural resources, pollution and energy as discussed previously, important, but many other aspects within the environment influence business. A business must adapt and overcome consumerism and ecology, and it has a social responsibility to do so. Cultures surrounding businesses also play a major role. A business must adapt to a changing society with age, lifestyle, culture and location. When a business learns to adapt to these changes, it will be profitable for both the business and consumers. Economic systems can be classified into three categories. These include capitalism, socialism and communism. Pure capitalism is an unrestrained freedom to buy, sell and compete. Private enterprises allow entrepreneurs to run businesses without central government control and can operate within a free market. Capitalism is a system of true private enterprise. Some aspects of capitalism are free choice, private ownership, private profit and free competition. The only drawback of this type of system is that a company can operate with no competition thereby creating a monopoly unfavorable for consumers. Socialism, on the other hand, is a system where the production and distribution of industries are owned and operated by the government. Officials directly manage some or all of the extraction of raw materials, manufacturing, communication and transportation. This system is loosely regulated by the government. Finally, communism replaces the operation of a free market almost entirely. Most of the rights enjoyed within the capitalist system are denied and private ownership is prohibited. Business are controlled by state planners and competition is almost completely eliminated. Today our economy is made up of a mixed economic system with each one contributing but no one dominating. Communist and socialist systems seem to be adopting many capitalists views and ideas. It is up to you to decide which system you prefer, but the United States' system of capitalism seems to be working adequately and positively. It is based on the principles of private enterprise and modified capitalism.

There are many forms of business within our economic system but they are all arranged in three major categories. These three categories are sole proprietorships, partnerships and corporations. Within a sole proprietorship, one entrepreneur assumes all the risks of the business, but at the same time, keeps all of the profits. In just this one simple sentence we become aware of the obvious fact that along with it's advantages come many disadvantages. A sole proprietor, on one hand, makes his own decisions and pays only one tax for himself and the business. In addition, setting up a business for a sole proprietor is much simpler under the law compared to the other two types of businesses. However, the sole proprietor has unlimited liability and complete responsibility to the business. He or she must assume

...

...

Download as:   txt (25.6 Kb)   pdf (224.9 Kb)   docx (20.5 Kb)  
Continue for 16 more pages »
Only available on Essays24.com
Citation Generator

(2010, 09). Intro To Business. Essays24.com. Retrieved 09, 2010, from https://www.essays24.com/essay/Intro-To-Business/1640.html

"Intro To Business" Essays24.com. 09 2010. 2010. 09 2010 <https://www.essays24.com/essay/Intro-To-Business/1640.html>.

"Intro To Business." Essays24.com. Essays24.com, 09 2010. Web. 09 2010. <https://www.essays24.com/essay/Intro-To-Business/1640.html>.

"Intro To Business." Essays24.com. 09, 2010. Accessed 09, 2010. https://www.essays24.com/essay/Intro-To-Business/1640.html.