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Industrialization - process of developing machine production of goods

Revolution-major change


Individuals Machine made - power driven

Hand made Becomes a factory (manufactory)

Manual labor Mass production

Muscle power - man and power Assembly line

Home- domestic system cottage system Interchangeable parts



Labor force

Agricultural revolution- in farming methods


Hunters and gatherers Farmers

They were nomad there was no civilization domesticated, settlement-villages cities- civilization

Agricultural Revolution


1. Iron tipped plow-wooden plow , better easier

2. rigid horse harness-oxen

3. 3 field system- 2 fields

1600's Netherlands (Holland)

Reclaim land from the sea

More land to farm

Systematic use of fertilizer

Jethro Tull- invented seeding machine---more produce

Lord Charles Townshed- "Turnip"

Instead of polwing only two and leave one unworked, plow two and thither palnt turnips , it rejouvinates minerals and nutrients. (put clover too)----more food and more produce.

Robert Bakewell- British Landowner, selective breeding

Workers- ready labor force

Mystery- connection between agricultural revolyiona and industrial revolution -Tull Seed Drill

More food less workers

Enclosure Movement

Fence off the lsnd for personal use by land lord.

Small farm owner=trouble

Sell farm- jobless, unemployed

Population increase


Jobless, unemployed


Agricultural revolution-

More people

Less jobs

Workers are ready to work

Dr. Edward Jenner - something strange is going on , small pox is terrible many people didn't get small pox he made the 1st vaccines vs. small pox from cow pox, in latin cow=vacca population- increase- 70- killion


1700 1800

120Million 190 Million

Is necessity the mother of invention?

Did a chain reaction of invention happen?

What were other advantages England had?

Well the population increased because ther was more food and there was health improvement.

More people- more demand more need

Invention- John Kay weaving tool called the flying shuttle. It had to do with textile. Textile is fabric , cloth material.

A german word for factory is "Fabrik"

Need more thread invention- James Hargveaves - Spinning Jenny- this did work for eight people.

Water powered machine

Weaving and spinning

Water powered river

Use of large buildings.

Production- no longer at home

Factory - H20 mills

There was a problem with water mills: it freezes or there are droughts.

Machine made of iron eventually coal powered stem engine

Natural resources - plentiful coal powered and iron machined essential.

Industrial revolution - whatever great Britain didn't have they could have got it from other countries.

Capital - (GB)Great Britain had it

They had money to invent

People in GB had money to invest to make more money

Most nobility and royalsdid not invest in Buisness

Middle class- had money- invest $

Bourgeoisie, merchants, entrepreneurs- enter and take

Businesspersons wanted to enter business and take money (profit) willing to risk money.

Weber Thesis- money available in GB because they were protestants.

Government- co-op of government, stable good government encourage business tax breaks built roads canals developed Laisessez-faire policy


Let them make/do

Hands off, no interference let business take care of itself.


People move from farms to sities. Which they had jobs

In farms they didn't havce andy jobs- machines take over- spinning jenny took over

Enclosures- 1.factories

2. mines



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