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Ethics Questions On Morality

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moral purpose consisting ina amean that is relative to o0urselves, the mean being determined by reason, or as a prudent man would determine it. explain what he means by this; in so doing, present some examples that illustrate the usefullness of this defination of virtue and also some examples that reveal some difficulties with it.

3) as we discussed, kant formulates his categorical imperative in 2 different ways: the universal law formulation which states: "act only on that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law" and the end in itself formulation, which states" act as to treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of any other, in every case as an end, never as a means" explain these 2 formulations, using your nown examples. also discuss whether ther might be a situation in which 2 formulation diverge.

4) according to mill, utilitarianism"holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse happiness". provide some examples that illustrate what a utilitarian would do in various contexts and explain the differences between how kant and mill reason regarding the acceptability of telling a lie.

5) accordingto peter singer, we are morally obligated to help those in absolute poverty. explain the argument he presents in ethics for everyday page 509. (child drowning in the pond?)

evalutate the argument, in particular the 1st premise, presenting both singers argument for accepting it and arturs argument against it.

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