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Bullying - Cause and Effect

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Athalia Imani


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Cause and Effect Text


      Bullying is the use of force or threat to abuse, intimidate, or aggressively dominate others. The behavior is often repeated and habitual. Bullying can include verbal harassment or threat, physical assault, and such acts may be directed repeatedly towards particular victims. This kind of such behavior sometimes based on differences of social class, race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, appearance, behavior, personality, reputation, lineage, strength, size, or ability. Bullying is divided into four basic types of abuse – emotional, verbal, physical, and cyber. Intimidation is also including to bullying. If bullying is done by a group, it is called mobbing.

      Bullying is now very familiar and also popular among school-aged children and teens, this problem is quite serious but unfortunately, it is still neglected at many school around the world. Actually, with the right guidance and education, children can obtain skills to work through their problems instead of managing them by bullying others. In order to provide them with such education and successfully get rid of bullying from schools, we need to determine its causes and effects that school bullying poses on children.

      Children who bully usually come from dysfunctional families. Growing in such family is not an assurance that a child will become a bully. However, a significant number of children tend to bullying come from families where there are only little affection. In other case, parents may often be an example of inappropriate behavior. Therefore, children learn such behavioral patterns and simulate it with their peers. Although bullies may appear to be confident in themselves, they usually feel insecure down their heart. They treat their peers with an insult to make themselves feel better. Most children do not do this intentionally; they merely take an example from their parents’ behavior. However, when the bully does not feel a refusal from other people, he becomes overwhelmed with power and continues the action. Children who bully can not control their emotions. Whenever people become angry and irritated, they can efficiently manage their emotions to prevent themselves from harming others, but not for children. In fact, anything can provoke and cause them to overreact severely.

      The effects of school bullying are comprehensive. From a mental point of view, bullying has a potential to impact child’s self-esteem even years after bullying has stopped. The victims of bullying actions are tend to suffer from anxiety and depression. Bullying can lead to such psychological effects as low self-esteem,loneliness, and increased potential to lapse into illness. These issues may persist into adulthood. It should be recognized that these mental impacts do not only affect the bullied, they also extended to the bullies. Another effect of school bullying is on academic performance. After repeatedly facing a bully, a child may begin to refuse to go to school. His grades may also suffer, both because of absence in a school and his inability to concentrate. According to the National Education Association, “bullying impacts approximately 13 million students every year, and some 160,000 students stay home from school each day because of bullying” (“Nation’s Educators Continue Push For Safe, Bully Free Environments”).



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