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Animal Testing

Essay by   •  September 10, 2010  •  2,133 Words (9 Pages)  •  2,233 Views

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The Use of animals for Laboratory Testing

There has been an on going debate on whether to use animals for laboratory

testing. There are people now saying the use of animals in laboratory testing is not

necessary and there are other alternatives. Many of these people claim the tests that are

performed on the animals are not particularly valid. On the other hand, others claim that

laboratory testing has been depended on animals to achieve medical advances. Whether

or not the use of animals in laboratory test is a matter of opinion. It will take the

necessary investigation and consideration to figure out what needs to be done. Taking a

closer look at each issue will help to show the use of laboratory testing should not be

used. There are three issues that show the use of animals in laboratory testing should not

be used: cruel, unnecessary, and there are other alternatives.

The most obvious issue not to use animals in laboratory testing is it's cruel to

animals. Animals used in the labatories are used for testing drugs, vaccines, and

consumer products. Million of innocent animals die each year to determine the safety of

products for humans. "To my mind life of the lamb is no less precious that that of a

human being. I should be unwilling to take the life of the lamb for the sake of the human

body. I hold that, the more helpless a creature, the more entitled it is to protection by man

from the cruelty of man" (Vincent 13). There are 2.5 million animals used in laboratory

testing each year in this country (Chea). The side effects of these tests are disturbing. The

side effects of the eye test are redness, swelling, ulceration, bleeding, and blindness.

Acute toxicity test effects are even worse. They include convulsions, labored breathing,

Brigman

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malnutrition, skin eruptions, and bleeding from the eyes. The side effects of the skin test

are redness of the skin, inflammation, weeping, and scabbing. The animals may also

suffer symptoms such as abdominal pains and cramps, vomiting, paralysis, diarrhea,

difficulty breathing, and bleeding ulcers. When all of the experiments are finished all of

the animals is killed (Chea).

Another issue of using animals in laboratory is it's unnecessary. History has

shown that many important medical advances have been made by clinical research and

close observations of human patients, not animals. A study done by Vincent, at a Animal

Research Medical Center found that the researchers are doing useless lung experiments

on dogs. They would remove sixty-eight percent of those foxhound's lungs and forced

then to run on treadmills with masks placed over their faces. To fit the mask, the dog

canine teeth are cut down. After exercises are completed, the dogs are killed and their

lungs are examined. "The conclusion that has been reached is that tremendous pain and

suffering are being inflicted upon helpless animals under the guise of research, and the

results being attained or admittedly on no benefits to mankind" (Vincent 17). In most

cases the drugs will need to be tested on humans before the FDA will approve them

anyway and it is know fact that not all drugs work the same on humans as they do on

animals (Masci). Therefore, regardless of animal testing the consumer always becomes

the so called "guinea pig" for any new product.

The most important issue is understanding why companies still test on animals

when non-animal alternatives exist. In response to reducing animal use in laboratory

testing, a growing number of alternatives test have been develop. In vitro test (involving

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