Essays24.com - Term Papers and Free Essays
Search

Uoft Music 204

Essay by   •  December 2, 2015  •  Course Note  •  1,335 Words (6 Pages)  •  1,234 Views

Essay Preview: Uoft Music 204

Report this essay
Page 1 of 6

Lecture 1

Bach Werk-Verzeichnis (BWV)

  • Catalogue number/Index to Bach’s works

Harpsichord        

  • Stringed keyboard instrument

Partita

  • Means variations or Greek style suite

Homophonic

  • In Greek, it means “same-sounding”
  • Melodies move in step with one another

Contrapuntal

  • Describes counterpoint
  • Combination of simultaneously sounding musical lines

Binary form

  • A kind of structure where two sections of music are repeated one after the other
  • AABB

Spinning out melody

Walking bass

  • A type of bass line which moves continuously and with purposeful regularity, steadily
  • With contrasting, usually longer note values to those in the upper parts

Sequence

  • Repeat of music in a different pitch

Lecture 2

Allemande (duple metre)

  • Continuous motion

Corrente (triple metre)

  • Motion in running scales

Sarabande (triple metre)

  • Stately, accent on the second beat

Minuets I and II (triple metre)

  • Elegant

Gigue (duple metre, triple rhythms)

  • Lively, imitative

Lecture 3

concerto

  • interplay between a small group of solo and a large group ripieno, creating instrumental dialogue
  • harpsichord player for the basso continuo
  • FSF
  • Ritornello: constantly returns, begins in tonic key, might modulate but eventually returns to home key
  • Episodes: by solo instruments, contrasting material to ritornello
  • solo concerto: full orchestra with a single soloist

concerto grosso

  • full orchestra and small group of soloist

concertino

  • the group of soloist in a concerto grosso, playing the solo section

ripieno

  • the group of orchestral players in a concerto grosso, playing the tutti section

ritornello

  • the returning/repeat section, played by tutti

episode

  • sections that alternate with ritornello, played by soloists

fugue

  • a contrapuntal composition
  • after exposition of the subject, episodes (connective passages) keep spinning out
  • often also contains a counter-subject
  • multiple parts

fugal exposition

  • the first voice that enters accompanied bringing in the principal theme, i.e. the subject, of the fugue, then joined by other voices

basso continuo

  • the bass line of baroque music which contains figured bass
  • upper melody is improvised from the figured basses

“il prete rosso”

  • “the red haired priest”, refers to Antonio Vivaldi

Ospedale della Pietà

  • A residential school for orphaned girls and young women in Venice, where Vivaldi was appointed director of music
  • Combines basic education with religious training and placed a strong emphasis on music

French overture style (ouverture)

  • Solemn introduction to a ballet, opera, or oratorio
  • Orchestral music designed to precede a full-length dramatic work
  • May or may not come to a full close before the drama begins

1) Slow and grand

2) Dotted rhythms ** important- comes out like a jagged pattern

3) Flourishes

Lecture 4

Chorale

  • The congregational hymn of the German Protestant church service
  • Both text and melody

Cantata

  • A work for one or more voices with instrumental accompaniment
  • Consists of succession of contrasting sections, i.e. arias and recitative

cantus firmus texture

  • Pre-existing melody as the basis of new polyphonic composition

Imitation

  • Repetition of melodic contour of one part by another, often at a different pitch

Recitative – secco (dry) or accompagnato (accompanied)

  • Vocal music mimicking dramatic speech, free in rhythm (according to changing meanings of the text)
  • A feature of cantatas
  • Used to carry the plot forward
  • Dry recitative/recitativo secco: only accompanied by bass line
  • Accompanied recitative/recitativo accompagnato: accompanied by orchestra (basso continuo), declamatory (expressing feelings and opinions)

Aria

  • Lyrical solo voice piece with or without instrumental accompaniment
  • During aria, the movements of opera stop
  • Time to explore the emotion created by the story
  • Usually accompanied by full orchestra
  • Ternary form

major mode

minor mode

Cantional style

  • Collection of hymn or chorales

Bar form

  • AAB form

Lecture 5

Modulation

  • change of key

Obbligato

  • music written out in full instead of improvised from figured bass

Cadenza

  • passage near the end of a concerto movement or aria
  • improvised or written out
  • decorated cadence

tonic, dominant

motive (motif?)

  • short musical idea, subdivision of a theme or phrase

Concerto: a musical composition for a solo instrument or solo instruments with an accompanying orchestra

Concerto Grosso: a composition that involves an orchestra that embodies the concept of contrasting musical bodies whereby the soloist(s) is/are highlighted and the orchestra is contextual. The soloists are one group (concertino) and the orchestra another (ripieno).

...

...

Download as:   txt (9 Kb)   pdf (133.4 Kb)   docx (13.1 Kb)  
Continue for 5 more pages »
Only available on Essays24.com
Citation Generator

(2015, 12). Uoft Music 204. Essays24.com. Retrieved 12, 2015, from https://www.essays24.com/essay/Uoft-Music-204/65049.html

"Uoft Music 204" Essays24.com. 12 2015. 2015. 12 2015 <https://www.essays24.com/essay/Uoft-Music-204/65049.html>.

"Uoft Music 204." Essays24.com. Essays24.com, 12 2015. Web. 12 2015. <https://www.essays24.com/essay/Uoft-Music-204/65049.html>.

"Uoft Music 204." Essays24.com. 12, 2015. Accessed 12, 2015. https://www.essays24.com/essay/Uoft-Music-204/65049.html.