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Supreme Court

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Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is the highest court in jurisdiction and the highest court/leadership of the Judicial Branch of the U.S Federal Government. It is known as the court of last resort because any of its rulings can't be appealed. In the United States there are many small supreme courts with the states. The Supreme Court consists of nine individuals. The nine individuals include a Chief of Justice of the United States along with eight Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. The nine individuals are nominated by the President of the United States, which is currently George W. Bush. The chief of Justice of the United States along with the associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States, when nominated are appointed to serve for life. They can be removed from their jobs through impeachment or resignation. The last justice to be impeached was Samuel Chase. The Supreme Court is also the only court that was established by the United States Constitution.

The Supreme Court was brought up when the U.S economy was being brought up, and politics became a large issue in the world. The Supreme Court evolved through the years and became better and had more political differences and views. The Supreme court first settled in New York City, then Philadelphia, then finally stayed at Washington D.C. It was known as the court of last resort and all the important decisions were made there. Another important period in the time of when the Supreme Court first Originated was during the time of the civil war. After the Fourteenth Amendment was adopted there were many state allegations of equal protections of the laws and the matter was brought forth to the Supreme Court. The case took about three years to fully process but then with this they created the thirteen judicial circuits. So there were many circuit courts in between states to hear important allegations all around the United States instead of bringing the mater directly to the Supreme Court. Throughout the years that have passed many cases have gone by such as abortion and gay right marriages. Such cases as these take time to find if the decision they make is correct, they must go through several steps and see what could happen if they made the wrong decision. So these cases take time and long depth and investigations. They have gone through many allegations, which include crime and murder. The Supreme Court has had a very long and important history.

For many years the Supreme Court didn't have a building until the year of 1935. When the Supreme Justice met before 1935 they would meet in the Merchants Exchange Building in New York City. They met in several different places such as the Independence Hall and the City Hall in Philadelphia. The Federal Government later moved to Washington D.C in 1800, which became the country's capital. The Supreme Justice would meet in the Capitol building, which was lent by Congress. The Supreme Court moved around a lot. The Supreme Court met in a chamber from 1819 to 1860, which has been restored and is now known as the Old Supreme Court Chamber. Then the court moved once more to a new court, which is now known as the Old Senate Chamber, they stayed there from 1860 to 1935. That year in 1935 they moved into The Supreme Court Building. William Howard Taft was once president and then served as Chief Justice. He then motivated Congress to establish a permanent for the Supreme Court. The Architect was Cass Gilbert and created a beautiful building with many architectural designs. The Supreme Court is now open to tourists and the public. The time in which it is open is all year long from 9 a.m to 4:30pm, yet it is closed on weekends and on federal holidays. The Supreme Court building is still used today.

There are two different types of law jurisdiction systems. They are known as civil law jurisdictions and common law jurisdictions. The Civil Law Jurisdiction was originated from a Roman law. This Law jurisdiction has a comprehensive set of rules that are interpreted by the judges or lawyers. This system is largest and most predominant system of law in the world. The Common Jurisdiction was developed and originated from England, its laws are based on court decisions and customs rather than written laws. Those are the two different types of jurisdiction systems.

There are nine members of the Supreme Court. Eight of which are the justices while the ninth is the Chief of Justice. The Court's annual term begins in October. The members of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President with the advice of the Senate. Every justice while in office has to remain with a good profile and have good behavior. Over time the amount of members on the Supreme Court Justice Team has increased and decreased. The court first began with six members in 1789 but then increases to seven 1807. Then in 1837 it was increased to nine and then increased



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