Essays24.com - Term Papers and Free Essays
Search

Social Change Poverty And Education

Essay by 24  •  November 3, 2010  •  2,961 Words (12 Pages)  •  1,476 Views

Essay Preview: Social Change Poverty And Education

Report this essay
Page 1 of 12

Abstract

When treating psychological patients, there are many factors which need to be considered. In fact, depending on the problem, the context under which the evaluation takes place may influence the outcome of the evaluation. Looking for solutions to psychological problems, there are times when known relationships can be leveraged to make a difference. In this paper, the relationship between education and poverty, in light of psychological inquiry, will be considered, compared and contrasted within multiple contexts.

Social Change in Context:

Poverty and Education

Introduction

During treatment, it is important to establish an open, honest relationship with the psychologist; however, often times a client may be embarrassed, or ashamed to be completely honest. For example, when an individual has not achieved even a minimal degree of education, say past grade school, or when an individual's financial situation places him/her below the poverty line. As clinicians, the way patients are treated, the advice they are given and ultimately the path chosen to move past illness may have a profound impact on the individual's life. As a result, many persons who are poverty stricken, or who have not gone through basic education training may choose not to reveal these facts for fear of being ridiculed. That is to say, persons who struggle financially, people who have not achieved in the world of academia may have a difficult time in treatment. Is difficulty cause by clinician bias? What about client bias? "Will the Psychologist understand the plight of someone in my situation"? "Will the psychologist treat me differently"? Surely the daily struggles of an individual who has concerns about paying for the next meal, or the daily grind of an individual who cannot read will impact the possibility for the individual to build and maintain a relationship, especially a relationship clinical in nature. Is it possible, however, the relationship between poverty and education goes deeper than what is on the surface? Lack of education and poverty, are they really two distinct problems?

Poverty

In the United States, the term poverty is thrown around with absurd freedom. However, according the US Census Bureau, poverty is calculated quite precisely. To begin, poverty is computed by including: earnings, unemployment compensation, public assistance, pension or retirement income, alimony, child support along with various other sources; whereas many non-cash benefits are not counted, items such as: food stamps and housing subsidies (2005). Diagram 1, below, shows the calculations used to determine "poverty". From a clinician's perspective, if poverty can be described by the numbers below, is it likely an individual making $9,393 per year is going to spring for psychological treatment? Certainly it is not likely the individual will pay for treatment by his/her own volition. In the context of a family whose family income is at or around the mark determined by the US Census bureau, the first real problem is seen. How does an individual become considered for treatment?

Poverty Thresholds for 2003 by Size of Family and Number of Related Children Under 18 Years

(Dollars)

Weighted Related children under 18 years

Size of family unit average Eight

thresholds None One Two Three Four Five Six Seven or more

One person (unrelated individual).......

9,393

Under 65 years.............................

9,573 9,573

65 years and over..........................

8,825 8,825

Two persons..................................

12,015

Householder under 65 years...........

12,384 12,321 12,682

Householder 65 years and over......

11,133 11,122 12,634

Three persons................................ 14,680 14,393 14,810 14,824

Four persons.................................. 18,810 18,979 19,289 18,660 18,725

Five persons.................................

22,245 22,887 23,220 22,509 21,959 21,623

Six persons..................................

25,122 26,324 26,429 25,884 25,362 24,586 24,126

Seven persons................................

28,544 30,289 30,479 29,827 29,372 28,526 27,538 26,454

Eight persons................................

31,589 33,876 34,175 33,560 33,021 32,256 31,286 30,275 30,019

Nine persons or more......................

37,656 40,751 40,948 40,404 39,947 39,196 38,163 37,229 36,998 35,572

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey 2004 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

Diagram 1

Next, let us forget about the money required to receive treatment and consider the illnesses or effects which are commonly experienced by individuals with insufficient household finances. Of utmost importance, let us consider the evidence compiled through longitudinal studies of children. When a child

...

...

Download as:   txt (18.2 Kb)   pdf (186.8 Kb)   docx (17 Kb)  
Continue for 11 more pages »
Only available on Essays24.com
Citation Generator

(2010, 11). Social Change Poverty And Education. Essays24.com. Retrieved 11, 2010, from https://www.essays24.com/essay/Social-Change-Poverty-And-Education/7455.html

"Social Change Poverty And Education" Essays24.com. 11 2010. 2010. 11 2010 <https://www.essays24.com/essay/Social-Change-Poverty-And-Education/7455.html>.

"Social Change Poverty And Education." Essays24.com. Essays24.com, 11 2010. Web. 11 2010. <https://www.essays24.com/essay/Social-Change-Poverty-And-Education/7455.html>.

"Social Change Poverty And Education." Essays24.com. 11, 2010. Accessed 11, 2010. https://www.essays24.com/essay/Social-Change-Poverty-And-Education/7455.html.