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Roman Shit List

Essay by   •  September 6, 2010  •  886 Words (4 Pages)  •  1,474 Views

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Romans were collectors and admirers of Greek art. Art from Greece was brought to Rome, copied, and also changed

by the Romans. As a result, Roman art is somewhat based on Greek art. However, Roman art is not merely a

continuation of Greek art. For an amateur it is difficult to determine between the two art forms because neither the

Romans nor the Greeks wrote down the history of their own art. The characteristics pertaining to each particular

type of art are known to some extent, so the experts are relatively accurate in determining the separation of the two

types of art. Roman art is divided into four categories: portrait sculptures, paintings and mosaics, relief sculptures,

and statues. Each of these has its own characteristics. Portrait sculptures, designed by the Romans, shows the desire

of the Romans for literalness; it records even the homeliest features. This is demonstrated in the sculpture, Head of

A Roman, made of marble in 80 B.C. The artist painstakingly reported each rise and fall and each bulge and fold of

the entire facial surface. It was as if the artist was acting like a map maker, trying not to miss the slightest detail. The

end product was a blunt, bald record of features. Idealism nor improvement of features was done causing the feeling

of superrealism. Paintings and mosaics were influenced by the architecture of the Romans . Their architecture

consisted of buildings containing a small number of doors and windows, thus leaving considerably large stretches of

wall space suitable for decoration. The quality was determined by the importance and the wealth of the patron. The

walls were used for two things in Roman art. First, they were used as a barrier. Secondly, they were used to visually

open the wall and enhance the space of the room. Only certain colors were used. These were deep red, yellow,

green, violet and black. Two methods were used to prepare walls for painting. In one, plaster was compounded with

marble dust, then laid directly on the wall in several layers. It was eventually beaten smooth with a trowel until it

became dense. Finally, it was polished to a marble finish. The wall was then ready to be painted with water colors or

encaustic paints. The other method, called panel painting, consisted of stucco being applied to boards of cypress,

pine, lime, oak, and larch. Then water colors, obtained from minerals and animal dyes were applied. The painting

was then mounted to cover a wall. These methods were used throughout the years to produce paintings. Although

the style of the paintings on the walls changed during the years, the methods used to prepare the walls basically

stayed the same. There are four styles of painting Incrustation, the first style, was used from 200 to 60 B.C. Walls

were divided into bright polychrome panels of solid colors with an occasional textural contrast. In the years 60 to 20

B.C. the second style, the architectural style, was used. This method made a wall look as if it extended beyond the

room, but it wasn't systematically perspective. In the years 20 B.C. to A.D. 60, the third style, the ornate style, was

used. This method subdivided a wall

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