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Political Sience

Essay by   •  March 16, 2011  •  410 Words (2 Pages)  •  806 Views

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The separation of powers is more accurately described as separate branches sharing powers

-Checks and balances are designed to prevent any one branch of the national government from becoming too powerful

-The Supreme Court ruled the Gun-Free School zones Act unconstitutional

-The number of votes a state has in the Electoral College is determined by adding the number of members it has in the House to the two it automatically has in the senate

-To win the presidency a candidate must receive a majority of votes in the Electoral College

-Ratification of a treaty requires the advice and consent of two-thirds of the Senate

-Confirmation of a Supreme Court nominee requires the advice and consent of a majority of the Senate

-A presidential veto may be subject to an override by a two-thirds majority of the entire congress voting together

-Before a bill is presented to the president for his signature or veto it must pass by a majority of both House and Senate

-The Supreme Court’s power to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional is called Judicial Review

-Federalism is defined by the tenth amendment

-Under federalism criminal justice is primarily under the responsibility of the State governments

-The Bill of Rights applies to Amendments 1-10

-Eventually most of the Bill of Rights was enforceable against both the State and national governments through the Fourteenth Amendment

-A tort is a civil wrong doing

-An example of third party liability is a tort action against your landlord for not providing sufficient security in your building that led to his being indirectly responsible for your being mugged



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