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Poetry Analysis Essay

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Khushi Desai

Period: 2


Poetry Analysis Essay

Poets use different types of figurative devices to express their theme. In his poem, “The Lake Isle of Innisfree,” W.B. Yeats utilizes figurative language such as imagery and symbol to convey that the escape of the modern day world is essential in providing a sense of peace and solitude. Similarly, in the poem, “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”, Robert Frost expresses the theme that the elegance of nature provides nonchalance by using devices of figurative language such as imagery and personification. In both of these poems, the literary devices used convey the same theme of nature grants a sense of tranquility and serenity.  

Yeats uses imagery in his poem to contrast the vibrant and bright image of nature to the dull city. In the first stanza, the poet states he wants to hear “…lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore”. The water lapping appeals to our sense of hearing and the choice of words by the author provides a peaceful and serene image of the lake water. In the second stanza, the poet states, “noon a purple glow” this phrase appeals to the reader’s sense of sight. The phrase gives a vibrant and dream like image to the reader. Another form of imagery is in the third stanza which states, “…I stand on the roadway or on the pavements grey”. This evokes an image of the dull city and differs from the atmosphere of Innisfree.

Yeats only utilizes symbol to express that from nature we came and to nature we long to go back. The “small cabin build there, of clay and wattles made” symbolizes a meaning larger than itself. The cabin represents a simple life and a life not filled with distraction and trouble. The cabin is also made of clay and wattles which are natural materials that emphasize the connection man has with nature. As well with what’s outside of the land such as “nine bean rows” and “bee-loud glade” all emphasis on peace, solitude, returning to the land, and living off the land. Yeats also uses Innisfree as a symbol. The atmosphere of Innisfree is described the author as “…midnight’s all a glimmer” and “…evening full of linnet’s wings”. The poet also hears the sounds of the Innisfree in “in the deep heart’s core”. This emphasizes the deep, spiritual feeling of the poet. The overall image is of memory and speaker’s longing to be in a place like Innisfree. Innisfree represents the symbol of inner peace and freedom.



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