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Philippines Geography

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Philippines

Geography

Location: The Philippines is an archipelago that consists of 7,641 islands with a total land area of 301,780 square kilometres (116,518 sq m). The 11 largest islands contain 95% of the total land area. The Philippine islands, situated on the Ring of Fire, are liable to successive seismic tremors and volcanic emissions. The Mayon Volcano is the most dynamic in the Philippines, and considered a standout amongst the most risky on the planet, nonetheless, it doesn't remain solitary; in 1991, Mount Pinatubo emitted, and turned out to be a standout amongst the most noteworthy volcanic ejections in written history.  Reaching out around 1,100 miles (1,770 km; north to south), its numerous islands (volcanic in birthplace) are for the most part bumpy, with thin seaside fields; numerous islands are secured by tropical rain timberlands.

 Luzon is the biggest island, trailed by Mindanao, and both have various volcanoes. The highest point in the Philippines is Mt. Apo at 9,692 ft. (2,954 m); the most minimal, the Philippine Sea at 0 m. The longest stream is the Cagayan (Río Grande de Cagayan) on Luzon, 217 miles (350 km) long. Other critical waterways (on Luzon) incorporate the Abra, Bicol, Chico, and Pampanga. On Mindanao, essential streams incorporate the Mindanao River and the Agusan. Laguna de Bay, only southeast of Manila, is the biggest pool of the Philippines. Lake Taal, likewise south of Manila, possesses an immense volcanic pit and contains an island that is itself a well of lava. Lake Lanao is the biggest pool of Mindanao and the wellspring of the Agusan River.

Population: The current populace of the Philippines is 102,904,522 as of Monday, December 5, 2016, in light of the most recent United Nations gauges. The Philippines populace is identical to 1.37% of the aggregate total populace. The Philippines positions number 12 in the rundown of nations (and conditions) by populace. The populace thickness in the Philippines is 343 for every Km2 (888 individuals for each mi2).The add up to land range is 298,192 Km2 (115,133 sq. miles) 44.9 % of the populace is urban (45,842,660 individuals in 2016). The median age in the Philippines is 24.4 years. The most populace place in Philippines is Manila, followed by Quezon City and Budta. 120 distinctive ethnic groups of Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampango, Pangasinan and Visayan lowlanders—worked inside a delicate however lavish environment. In it they moulded their own life ways: building houses, weaving fabric, recounting and composing stories, ornamenting and designing, get ready nourishment.

Climate: The Philippines are warm and sticky consistently, and all are liable to regular storm downpours May through October and November through February. Yearly precipitation is overwhelming yet fluctuates generally. The best sums fall along the hilly east shores of Luzon, Samar, and the northern tip of Mindanao. The Philippines (particularly the eastern banks of Luzon and Samar) are liable to storms July through October, and overall cause critical devastation. Amongst March and May, hot, dry climate wins over the islands, with high mugginess levels. Temperatures in Manila go from 70°F to 90°F (21°C to 32°C), with a normal yearly temperature of 80°F (26°C).

History

Pre-Spanish Times

There are two speculations on the origins of Filipinos, the occupants of what will later be known as the Philippine Islands and in the long run the Republic of the Philippines. See the Early Inhabitants of the Philippine Islands. In the start of the third century, the occupants of Luzon Island were in contact and exchanging with East Asian ocean fares and vendors including the Chinese. In the 1400's the Japanese likewise settled an exchanging post at Aparri in Northern Luzon. In 1380, Muslim Arabs landed at the Sulu Archipelago and built up settlements which got to be distinctly smaller than usual states controlled by a Datu. They presented Islam in the southern parts of the archipelago including a few sections of Luzon and were under the control of the Muslim sultans of Borneo. They had a huge impact over the area for two or three hundred years. The Malay Muslims stayed predominant in these parts until the sixteenth century.

Philippine History during the Spanish Colonial Times

In 1521, Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese pilgrim who was serving the Spanish crown, arrived in Samar Island on his voyage to go around the globe. He investigated the islands and named it Archipelago of San Lazaro. Magellan was executed amid a defiance drove by a Datu named Lapu in Mactan Island (neighboring Cebu Island). Spain kept on sending undertakings to the island for monetary benefit and on the fourth endeavour, Commander Ruy Lopez de Villalobos, named the islands: Philippines, after Prince Philip (later King Philip II), beneficiary to the Spanish position of authority. Spain led the Philippines for a long time.

Ruler Philip 2, SpainIn 1565, King Philip II named Miguel Lopez de Legazpi as the principal Governor-General of the Philippines. Legazpi picked Manila to be its capital in light of its common harbour. Spain's legacy was the transformation of the general population to Catholicism and the production of the special landed class. As a result of misuse and concealment of the Spaniards, a Propaganda Movement developed with the goes for equity amongst Filipinos and Spaniards. The capture of advocate Dr. Jose Rizal and execution in 1896 gave crisp force to Filipino radicals to battle against Spain. The mystery society of the Katipunan, established by Andres Bonifacio assaulted the Spanish Garrison in San Juan with little achievement, while Katipuneros in Cavite Province headed by Emilio Aguinaldo vanquished the Guardia Civil in Cavite. Aguinaldo's triumphs lead him to be chosen as leader of the Katipunan. The groups of Bonifacio and Aguinaldo battled and prompt to the trial and execution of Bonifacio on Aguinaldo's requests. Aguinaldo later drafted a constitution and set up the Republic of Biak-na-Bato in Bulacan area. In 1897, an impasse between the Spanish government and Aguinaldo emerged. After arrangements between the two sides, Aguinaldo acknowledged an absolution from the Spaniards and US$ 800,000.00 in return for his outcast to Hong Kong with his administration.

Philippine History during the American Era

The Spanish-American war which began in Cuba changed the historical backdrop of the Philippines. On May 1, 1898, the Americans drove by U.S. Naval force Admiral George Dewey, in cooperation of Emilio Aguinaldo, assaulted the Spanish Navy in Manila Bay. Confronted with annihilation, the Philippines were surrendered to the United States by Spain in 1898 after an instalment of US$ 20 million to Spain as per the "Settlement of Paris" completion the Spanish-American War. On June 12, 1898, Filipinos drove by Emilio Aguinaldo announced freedom. This statement was restricted by the U.S. who had arrangements of assuming control over the province. What's more, this prompted to a guerrilla war against the Americans. In 1901, Aguinaldo was caught and proclaimed steadfastness to the United States. On that year, William Howard Taft was selected as the main U.S. legislative head of the Philippines. The U.S. passed the Jones Law in 1916 setting up a chose Filipino governing body with a House of Delegates and Senate. In 1934, the Tydings-McDuffie Act was passed by the U.S. Congress, set up the Commonwealth of the Philippines and guaranteed Philippine freedom by 1946. The law additionally accommodated the position of President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. On the May 14, 1935 decisions, Manuel L. Quezon won the position of President of the Philippine Commonwealth. As per the Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934, The Philippines was given autonomy on July 4, 1946 and the Republic of the Philippines was conceived.

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