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Oedipus Rex

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Foreshadowing and dramatic irony techniques are used by many writers, allowing the audience to connect and convey a better understanding of the theme and other significant messages in the play. Throughout Sophocles' Oedipus Rex, these techniques are used often to keep the audience engaged and attentive. In the ancient tragedy of King Oedipus, his fate is creatively revealed through the author's use of foreshadowing and dramatic irony.

Dramatic irony is first revealed to the audience when the townspeople, ask for their late king, Laϊos. The townspeople ask, "Where is Laϊos...disappeared?" However, the audience understands that the king did not simply disappear, but was murdered. In a furious rage, the protagonist, Oedipus shouts, "No one in this land shall speak to him...And I pray that the murderer's life will drop." This quote reveals the technique of dramatic irony because Oedipus is searching for the important truth that the audience already knows. The audience knows that Oedipus's creed is against himself because he is the murderer of the late King Laϊos. Ultimately, foreshadowing is used to show the peripity of Oedipus's fate, through the blind se'er, Tieresias. Under the command of King Oedipus, Tieresias states, "And one day a father's curse and a mother's curse will drive you away from this land." The truth that comes from Tiresias's blind seeings foreshadows the revelation that inspires Oedipus to blind himself and leave Thebes.Incorporating foreshadowing and dramatic irony allow writings such as Oedipus Rex, to remain compelling to many different audiences, over hundreds of years. The Odyssey by Homer, also an ancient Greek story, incorporates these techniques as well. Circe's warnings prove to be a foreshadowing of the true obstacles Odysseus will face; and dramatic irony was used when the suitors waited twenty years but the audience



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