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Isreal Conflict

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1. Where did the Jews get their name. 2 compare and contrast Arab tribes to

Hebrews and the people of Muhammad.

The term Judaism came about after the establishment of the state of Israel

when the tribes divided into two, the northern and Judas kingdoms, ca

922-587 B.C.E. The customs and belief systems of these nomadic tribes to be

later identified as Arab tribes were very similar to the Hebrews\\\'; however, the

Arab tribes developed in some subtle ways. They remained nomadic,

whereas the Hebrews tended to follow the teachings of the Holy Scriptures to

the achievement of The Promised Land. As for the Arab nomadic tribes

because of this development, a centralized governing agent which organized

the religion did not develop as it did with the Hebrews. In approximately ca

1290-1250 B.C.E., Moses further supplemented both traditions with a covenant

between God and his believers. Moses, married Zipphora, from a different

Semitic tribe, (Ishmael descendants?) as they referred to God as the God of

Abraham, this would indicate the strong similarity of beliefs and customs

between the Hebrew and Arab tribes at that time. In approximately 600 C.E.,

a somewhat modified revival of the beliefs and traditions of Abraham

occurred, due to the persuasions of Mohammed. He disagreed with the

commonly held belief that Isaac and his descendents were the chosen ones.

3. What do the Islamic people follow. Why are they significant.

Mohammed redefined the Arabic religious tradition on this point into the

tradition of Islam. Islamic belief centered on \\\"submission to the will of Allah

by fulfilling the five duties know as the Pillars of Islam\\\". Within the organized

movement of Islam, ca 570-632 B.C.E., a written tradition, as well as a central

controlling agent of the Arab tribes, developed through compilation of the

Qur'an. The Qur'an, although in some ways similar to the teachings in the

Hebrew Holy Scriptures, totally and distinctly separated the Islamic belief

system as a new, and competing,

4. What is one of the offspring's of Judaism and what does it believe.

Another offspring of Judaism was Christianity. The belief that a Messiah would

appear amongst the Jews by the end of the millennium came to life with the

crucifixion of Jesus in Jerusalem ca 29 B.C.E. Jesus was believed by many

followers of Judaism to be the long-awaited Messiah, and served to divide

Judaism once again. In contrast to Judaism, Christians believe that the

appearance and teaching of Jesus represents a new covenant superseding the

previous covenant between God and Moses. The Jews that chose to believe in

this new covenant began the Christian movement. A focused Christian

movement began based on the documentation of his teachings by men who

lived during the two to three generations following Jesus\\\' death. The written

tradition was called the New Testament, and was considered an addition to the

Hebrew Holy Scriptures. Developments of Christianity, are chiefly attributed

to Paul, for his contributions to the New Testament, and Peter, the leader of the

Roman Church. The influence of the Christian belief system is great - the

socio-economic traditions of the western world revolve around traditions

derived from Christianity (Catholicism).

5. How has women played and important role in these three religions and

how halve the religions effected gender.

.\\\" While women played a key role in all three of these religious systems, they

have been historically mistreated and overshadowed by their male

counterparts. In Hebrew society, women were excluded from the priesthood,

for the exception of a few, who played an active role in the religious

observances and politics of the times. For example, Deborah was responsible

for claiming territory for her tribe due to the defeat of the Canaates in 1125

B.C.E. Throughout the history of Christianity, women were also restrained

from achieving equality amongst men, with few exceptions, such as St.

Catherine of Siena, who lived between 1347-1380 B.C.E. She became

involved with Church policy at the highest level, thus, playing a very

important role in Church politics. In Islamic society, women were important in

the home and yet subordinate to men. They could neither claim nor inherit

what their husbands won in the battlefield and had no right to divorce. \\\"Baby

girls were regarded with such disdain that



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