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Indus Valley Lecture

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Indus Valley Lecture

  • First, the introductory speaker spent about 10 minutes introducing professor kenoyer with a variety of useless information
  • Changing perspectives on regional origins
  • Originally thought to be result of diffusion from the west
  • Most scholars have debunked theory of migration from Mesopotamia
  • All comes from Christian models of origins
  • Professor proposed model of interactions
  • When populations come together to work they produce something indigenous
  • Would not be able to survive without help of other societies
  • Rock carvings found throughout parts of India like Kashmir
  • Was place of domestication of animals that later hit the world
  • Professor has recently decided to include Oman on the map of locations which has ancient trading civilizations
  • Excavations in places like Mehrgarh illustrate the merging and interacting of different civilizations
  • Bangles were very distinctive ornaments for men and women in Indus Valley
  • Professor found shell bangles in oman
  • Region needs to have enough space to hold variety of resources and enough to create a surplus of goods
  • Indus Valley is perfect for surplus
  • Trade networks also used to pass along ideologies
  • For example, handi cooking pot is a distinctive stly
  • Harappans used geographical tracking in order to avoid building parts of the city in place of natural disaster like flooding
  • They built walls around the city as well
  • Had a lot of facilities to provide late night protection like caravans
  • Truly advanced society, provide caravans and etc
  • Professor believes all the states were independent communication
  • Some pieces from the Indus are moving down south
  • Trends are showing that we have major, semi-independent city states
  • Relatively corporate rule with different kingdoms competing for overall power
  • IV cities provided water and sewage systems in different part of the city
  • Provided baths to city citizensas well
  • Unicorm seals emphasized unicorn and they showcase a developed Harappan writing system over time
  • There are  3 phases of Indus valley writing
  • Seals could have a variety of purposes
  • Seals in oman have differences from seals in indus valley
  • Through trade, we see evidence of elite ornaments like necklaces and headdresses
  • Harappan men had beards and headdresses for most part
  • Harappans were very advanced in metallurgy getting metals from a variety of places
  • Most people were not buried in the Indus Valley as lack of burials found
  • Issues in identifying how Harappans got to Oman
  • Carnelian beads and everything is there
  • Domestic and ritual styles of indus
  • Mesopotamia: traders and bead makers and other craftspeople
  • Some factors that could have helped transition to second urbanization
  • Overextension of socio-economic and ritual networks
  • Disruption of the agricultural base and drying up of hakra system
  • Harappa and mohenjo-daro overpopulated
  • No evidence of invasion or massive population decline
  • Definite evidence of warfare



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