- Term Papers and Free Essays

Gilded Age

Essay by   •  December 2, 2010  •  710 Words (3 Pages)  •  1,202 Views

Essay Preview: Gilded Age

Report this essay
Page 1 of 3

The term Gilded Age was named for a Mark Twain book. It meant covered with gold, and was applied to this period as a whole. This was a period poorness and corruption. The Republicans and Democrats didn't really have strong opposing beliefs during this period. The Republicans supported high tariffs and sound money. The Democrats supported lower tariffs and expanded currency. Both rural and urban classes supported each party. They worked with spoils and local issues. Both parties worked to please everyone, and to attract voters. Since both parties were so close in strength, it caused the elections to be fought harder. The Republicans used the waving of the bloody shirt tactic. This meant that they brought back the past in order to avoid the real issues. They portrayed the Democrats as rebel traitors. The Republicans were against alcohol. One president was Grant during this period. He was elected into office for his past war experience. He had little knowledge of politics, and depended on his fellow politicians. These men, in turn, involved in scandals to embezzle money from the government. One was the Great Mobilier scandal; it dealt with the Union Pacific Railroad. The Construction Company hired them at inflated prices to build railroad lines, and distributed shares of stock to congressmen. A scandal during Grant's second term, was the Whisky Ring. This scandal was uncovered in St. Louis, and consisted of selling whiskey without the excise tax. In return it defrauded the government out of millions of dollars. During Grant's administration the money issues were inflation, cheap money, and greenbacks. The debtors, especially farmers, wanted cheap money. However, Grant vetoed the bill to print more money, and supported withdrawing greenbacks from circulation. Hayes won the disputed election. Four states submitted irregular returns. It was disputed if the Republican president of the Senate or the Democratic Speaker of the House should count them. It was decided that an electoral commission made up of fifteen men. There were eight Republicans and seven Democrats, so the Republicans won. The Democrats would only accept this with conditions, one of which was to remove troops from the south. The next president was a political "unknown." His name was James Garfield. A disturbed politician shot him in the back at a railroad. This demonstrated the corruption in the patronage system and led to reform. In the next presidential election the Republicans nominated James Blaine and the Democrats supported Grover Cleveland. Both parties were the same on issues and both agreed on tariff and corporate abuses, so it came down to



Download as:   txt (4.3 Kb)   pdf (72.4 Kb)   docx (9.9 Kb)  
Continue for 2 more pages »
Only available on
Citation Generator

(2010, 12). Gilded Age. Retrieved 12, 2010, from

"Gilded Age" 12 2010. 2010. 12 2010 <>.

"Gilded Age.", 12 2010. Web. 12 2010. <>.

"Gilded Age." 12, 2010. Accessed 12, 2010.