- Term Papers and Free Essays

Chapter 20 Outline Of The Enduring Vision

Essay by   •  December 20, 2010  •  492 Words (2 Pages)  •  1,229 Views

Essay Preview: Chapter 20 Outline Of The Enduring Vision

Report this essay
Page 1 of 2

I. Changing American Society and Economy

1. Immigrant Masses and a New Urban Middle-Class

i. By 1920, when nation's urban population passed the 50% mark for the first time, 68 American cities had boosted to more than 100, 000 inhabitants

ii. Many of the new urban cities came from rural and small-town America, but the greatest source of urban growth continued to be immigration

iii. From 1900 to 1920, the native-born middle class began to expand. The White-collar work force jumped from 5.1 million to 10.5 million. Included in the white-collar class were engineers, technicians, bureaucrats, lawyers, physicians, teachers, and other professions.

2. Black America in a Racist Age

i. "Jim Crow" laws are imposed - legally enforced racism by imposing segregation from streetcars, trains, schools, public buildings, parks, and cemeteries.

ii. Legally imposed residential segregation - outlawed by Supreme Court in 1917.

iii. Segregation (although not legally imposed) is present in North; blacks live in run-down "colored districts", attend dilapidated schools, and worked the lowest-paying jobs.

iv. Anti-black riot in 1906 - 4 blacks are murdered. Lynching had peaked in the 1880's to 1890's, but about 75 lynchings occurred on average yearly.

3. Corporate Boardrooms and Factory Floors

i. Many workers benefited; average annual wage rose

ii. Two-thirds of immigrant girls entered the labor force in 1900's, working for at least a time as factory help or domestics in small businesses.

iii. For all workers, hours are long despite 8-hour movement. Workers still averaged a 9 Ð... hour day.

4. Workers Organize; Socialism Advances

i. American Federal of Labor (AFL) grows from fewer than half a million members to about 4 million members by 1920.

ii. Danbury Hatters case results in Supreme Court decision that boycotts in support of strikes are a conspiracy in restraint of trade, and therefore violate the Sherman Anti-Trust Act

iii. ILGWU



Download as:   txt (3.3 Kb)   pdf (69.3 Kb)   docx (10.2 Kb)  
Continue for 1 more page »
Only available on
Citation Generator

(2010, 12). Chapter 20 Outline Of The Enduring Vision. Retrieved 12, 2010, from

"Chapter 20 Outline Of The Enduring Vision" 12 2010. 2010. 12 2010 <>.

"Chapter 20 Outline Of The Enduring Vision.", 12 2010. Web. 12 2010. <>.

"Chapter 20 Outline Of The Enduring Vision." 12, 2010. Accessed 12, 2010.