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Ap European Russia Timeline

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Russia

1462-1522 Reign of Ivan III (the great)

-annexes many of the surrounding territories

1533-1584 Reign of Ivan the Terrible

-First czar of Russia

-Conquers Mongol territories and gets Russia a Caspian Sea port

1584-1613 Time of Troubles

-anarchy and civil war

-Poland invades Russia

1613 Michael Romanov is elected by an assembly of nobles to be tsar

-beginning of the Romanov dynasty which ruled Russia until 1917

-brought stability to end the time of troubles

-country was still weak and impoverished

1682 Peter the Great becomes tsar ruling with his half brother Ivan V until 1696 (his sister is regent until 1689)

-came to power by the streltsy (guards of the Moscow garrison)

-creates modern European power

-promotes western culture

-builds the new capital St. Petersburg

1756 Start of 7 years war

-Russia, France, Austria, Spain against Prussia and Great Britain

1762-1798 Catherine II (the great) as tsarina of Russia

-makes Russia one of the strongest European powers

1768 Russian-ottoman war

1798-1801 Period of mass expansion and annexation

1802 Alexander I becomes tsar of Russia

1804 First war with Persia

1812 Napoleon invades RussiaÐ'.... Russia burns Moscow to worsen the effects of the harsh winter on France. Russian resistance holds off the invasion until Napoleon's defeat in 1814.

1825 Nicholas I becomes tsar of Russia

1826 Second war against Persia

1853 Crimean war

-France, Britain, and Ottoman Empire fight against Russia

-Russia suffers a humiliating defeat

1861 Alexander II

-frees the serfs

-launches reform

1878 Congress of Berlin

-grants Serbia and Montenegro independence

1881 Alexander II assassinated Ð'... Alexander III comes to the throne

1894 Nicholas II becomes tsar

1904 Russo-Japanese war: Russia loses

-Revolution of 1905 forces Nicholas II to accept parliament and constitution.

1914-1917 WWI

-Russia was on the side of Britain, France, Italy, and later he U.S

-Wins most battles against Austria, loses most battles against Germany

-Low morale forces the Bolshevik revolution

1917 Bolshevik Revolution

-Tsar Nicholas abdicates

-Bolsheviks come into power led by Lenin

-Russian soviet socialist republic established

1918 Tsar Nicholas II assassinated

1918-1921 Red Terror

-purge of the communist party

-economy is socialized Ð'.... Initially millions die of famine.

1921 Lenin begins New Economic Policy (NEP)

-limited free market

1922 United soviet socialist republic formed USSR

1924 Stalin and Trotsky battle to replace LeninÐ'... Stalin wins power struggle

1924-1929 Stalin changes policiesÐ'... (Most of the ideas were Trotsky's)

-Consolidates power

-industrializes

-starts

...

...

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