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1990 Nobel Prize In Physics

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1990 Nobel Prize in Physics

"For their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics." This quotation describes the reason for the awarding of the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics. The winners of the award in 1990 happened to be a group of three, Jerome I. Friedman, Henry W. Kendall, and Richard E. Taylor.

Although he came from a family of immigrants, Jerome I. Friedman received an accelerated education. After doing exceptionally well in elementary and secondary school, he went on to the University of Chicago on a full scholarship. After completing his bachelors, masters, and doctorate degree he taught and studied at various universities but ended up at MIT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as the Director of Laboratory Nuclear Science, where he collaborated with a fellow professor, Henry W. Kendall.

Kendall grew up in Boston where he fiddled around with the idea of school. He didn't do well in academics until after he left the

US Merchant Marine Academy and enrolled in Amherst College

studying mathematics. Even thought he was a math major, his

interest in Physics took flight. After receiving his PhD, he studied with some of the best physicist in the world, including a former Physics Nobel Prize winner, Robert Hofstadter. Before joining MIT's staff, Kendall worked for five years at Stanford where he collaborated with Richard E. Taylor.

Taylor also didn't do all that well early in his education. After mediocre high school grades, Taylor enrolled in the University of Alberta in Edmonton. His participation in a program that emphasized mathematics



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