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Autor: anton • November 3, 2010 • 1,445 Words (6 Pages) • 699 Views
Tortured, Wasteful, Diseased, Antibiotic Laden Animal Corpse: It's what's for Dinner
"So you don't eat meat? Why not? You know plants have feelings too!" Yes I've actually heard thatÐ'... more than once. And regardless of whether or not that comment was made as a joke, it still implies complete ignorance of the global meat industry. "Most of us don't know Ð'- or choose not to know Ð'- how meat is made because intensive production systems allow us the luxury of not thinking about the implications of factory farming" (State of the World, Rethinking the Global Meat Industry, pg. 25). It almost seems like humans refuse to accept the fact that the process of making meat is not only harmful to the animals, but it's bad for the environment and for human health. In trying to get people motivated to make changes, Danielle Nierenberg's Rethinking the Global Meat Industry addresses these issues. However, in my opinion she didn't give enough attention to the mistreatment of the animals. This paper will begin with brief overview of the negative aspects of the global meat industry to the environment and human health with reference to Rethinking the Global Meat Industry. I will then devote a section to the animals themselves (the part I think Nierenberg left out). I'll conclude with a critique on Nierenberg's documentation of some solutions to the "problem" while including a number of other ways people can make a difference.
So what's the root cause of mass producing meat? It's simple: people eat a lot of it. In 2004, 258 million tons of meats were produced. All that meat has to come from somewhere. And unfortunately it comes from factory farms. So what does that mean? Well for starters, factory farms have a negative impact on the environment. "Even the most cursory exam of modern meat production indicates serious environmental problems" (pg. 30). For example, an 8 ounce portion of beef can use 25,000 liters of water. "In Hong Kong, one slaughterhouse generates 5 million liters of waste water per day" (pg. 31). Another environmental concern is oil usage. A lot more oil is used in the modern production of meat versus the oil used for other types of food such as potatoes. Waste from the animals is also an issue. "Livestock produce more than 600 million tons of waste annually on factory farms... [a lot of which] ends up polluting air, water, and the soil itself" (pg. 31).
In terms of health, factory farmed meat is bad in a number of ways. Both the process of making the meat, and the meat itself, cause serious health problems that could potentially lead to death. One reason for this is that "factory farms provide the perfect conditions for disease to spread from livestock to people" (pg. 32). "Because meat is a globalized productÐ'... disease like avian flu, BSE, and foot-and-mouth (FMD) can become global phenomena" (pg. 32). Mad cow disease, caused by factory farming practices, is also a huge health concern that affects the brain and eventually leads to death. Foodborne illnesses, such as campylobacter, listeria, salmonella, cryptosporidium, and pathogenic Escherichia coli, are yet another serious health issue that comes from factory farming. "Every year, the United States recalls millions of tons of chicken, beef and pork products because of potential food safety concerns" (pg. 34). Ok, that's more than enough to make me never want to touch factory farmed meat ever again. And still there's more. Factory farm methods include the use of "antibiotics in animal agriculture [which] is making it harder to fight foodborne infections and other human diseases" (pg. 34). This is because the types of the antibiotics that the animals are given are a lot like the ones humans take when they are sick or to fight disease.
It's obvious from all the reasons I've given that the global meat industry needs to be changed. But the part that really gets me emotionally is the inhumane treatment of the animals. It is outright disgusting what people will do just to make a profit. Leonardo Da Vinci once said that in the future, society will look back on what we are doing to other animals today with the same incredulity and revulsion that we presently reserve for what people did to other humans in the past. I think most people would agree with this if they knew what the factory farmed animals go through. Chickens have their beaks cut off, they crammed in tiny cages, and sometimes they are boiled alive. Cows are castrated, crammed together, branded, and dehorned. Pigs have their tails cut off to prevent them from chewing them off each other out of frustration and crammed living conditions. They live, eat and sleep in there own waste as the ammonia produces sores and burns all over their bodies. When they are transported often they don't receive food or water for days at time. Many will die