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What Is Job Analysis?

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Chapter 3

What is job analysis?

I. what is job analysis?

A. Job analysis defined

- is the procedure through which you determine the duties of these jobs and the characteristics of the people who should be hired for them.

a) Job description - the production of information on the job's activities and requirements.

b) Job specifications - the kind of people to hire for the job

1. Job analysis and equal employment opportunity (EEO)

- Job analysis plays a central role on EE compliance. See chapter 2

B. Methods of colleting job analysis information

1. Interviews

2. Questionnaires

3. Observation - physical activity (ex: janitor, accounting clerk) and mental activity (ex: lawyer, engineer)

4. Participant Diary/Logs - ex: ask workers to keep a dairy log of list of what they do during the day.

5. Other job analysis methods

C. Writitn Job descriptions

- it should include what the jobholder does, how he or she does it, and what condition the job is performed.

- the manager writes a description of the knowledge, abilities, and skills needed to perform the job.

1. Job identification

2. Job summary

3. Relationships - inside or outside the organization

4. Responsibilities and duties -

5. Authority

6. Standards of performance - description of employees duties and responsibilities.

7. Working conditions and physical environment - ex: noise level, hazardous conditions, heat and others.

8. Using the internet - most employers probably still write their own job description using the internet

D. Writing Job specifications

- What human traits and



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