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The Confederacy

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The Confederacy of the United States was originally developed in order to assure state rights, constitutional liberty, self-government, and the federal union. Occurring also during this time, was the Election of 1860, in which Abraham Lincoln was elected as President. One of things that Lincoln accomplished during his presidency was the freeing of the slaves, after which he developed a title, "The Great Emancipator".

On February 4, 1861, representatives from the seven states Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas met in Montgomery, Alabama in order to form a new republic. On February 8, the convention announced the establishment of the Confederate States of America and declared itself the provisional Congress. The following day, Jefferson Davis and Alexander Hamilton Stephens were chosen as the provisional President and Vice President, respectively.

In 1860, Lincoln was elected as the President of the United States, although he only had thirty-nine percent of the popular vote. Even with this low percentage, the sectional divisions of the nation allowed him to capture seventeen states, plus four electoral votes in New Jersey for a total of one hundred eighty electoral votes.

Lincoln is often referred to as "The Great Emancipator", as many people think of him as the president who abolished slavery. Technically, the title of "The Great Emancipator" suits Lincoln, as he did free, or emancipate, the slaves. On the other hand, however, Lincoln agreed with the majority of the United States on the philosophy that the blacks should not intertwine and mingle with white society, which is why the title of "The Great Emancipator" is questionable to some degree.

After the Confederacy was founded, Abraham Lincoln assumed the presidential status, under which he faced the major issue of slavery. Lincoln was named "The Great Emancipator"



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