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Government Final Exam

Questions 1-12

1. List and discuss the major structure of the Constitution. (63-65)

The Constitution contains about 7,000 words and is divided into three parts: the Preamble, the articles, and the amendments. The Preamble is the introduction states why the constitution was written which was to create stability and order. The Constitution contains seven divisions called articles. Each article covers a general topic. For example, Articles I, II, and III create the three branches of the national government--the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. This is the third part of the constitution consists of amendments.

2. List and discuss the major principles of the Constitutions. (65-67)

The Constitutions rests on six major principles of government: 1 Popular Sovereignty: This is based the concept of Popular Sovereignty which is rule by the people. 2 Federalism: Describes the basic structure of American government. 3 Separation of Powers: This consists of dividing the powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. 4 Checks and Balances: Each branch of government exercises some control over others. 5 Judicial Review: The power of court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments invalid if they violate the Constitution. 6 Limited Government: This limits the Constitutions actions of governments by specifically listing powers it does and does not have, for example the first 10 amendments set specific limits in the areas of freedom of expression, personal security, and fair trials.

3. List and briefly discuss the Amendments of the federal government, the state governments, and those shared by the federal and state governments. (95-102)

4. List and discuss the powers of the



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