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Summer Sports Camp at State University

Essay by   •  April 22, 2017  •  Coursework  •  2,991 Words (12 Pages)  •  2,211 Views

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Case Problem 1:

SUMMER SPORTS CAMP AT STATE UNIVERSITY

Mary Kelly is a scholarship soccer player at State University. During the summer, she works at a youth all-sports camp that several of the university's coaches operate. The sports camp runs for 8 weeks during July and August. Campers come for a 1-week period, during which time they live in the State dormitories and use the State athletic fields and facilities. At the end of a week, a new group of kids comes in. Mary primarily serves as one of the camp soccer instructors. However, she has also been placed in charge of arranging for sheets for the beds the campers will sleep on in the dormitories. Mary has been instructed to develop a plan for purchasing and cleaning sheets each week of camp at the lowest possible cost.

Clean sheets are needed at the beginning of each week, and the campers use the sheets all week. At the end of the week, the campers strip their beds and place the sheets in large bins. Mary must arrange either to purchase new sheets or to clean old sheets. A set of new sheets costs $10. A local laundry has indicated that it will clean a set of sheets for $4. Also, a couple of Mary's friends have asked her to let them clean some of the sheets. They have told her they will charge only $2 for each set of sheets they clean. However, while the laundry will provide cleaned sheets in a week, Mary's friends can only deliver cleaned sheets in 2 weeks. They are going to summer school and plan to launder the sheets at night at a neighborhood Laundromat.

The accompanying table lists the number of campers who have registered during each of the 8 weeks the camp will operate. Based on discussions with camp administrators from previous summers and on some old camp records and receipts, Mary estimates that each week about 20% of the cleaned sheets that are returned will have to be discarded and replaced. The campers spill food and drinks on the sheets, and sometimes the stains do not come out during cleaning. Also, the campers occasionally tear the sheets, or the sheets get torn at the cleaners. In either case, when the sheets come back from the cleaners and are put on the beds, 20% are taken off and thrown away.

At the beginning of the summer, the camp has no sheets available, so initially sheets must be purchased. Sheets are thrown away at the end of the summer.

Week

Registered Campers

1

115

2

210

3

250

4

230

5

260

6

300

7

250

8

190

Mary's major at State is management science, and she wants to develop a plan for purchasing and cleaning sheets by using linear programming. Help Mary formulate a linear programming model for this problem and solve it by using the computer.

Solve Case Problem 1:

Step 1. Kemungkinan yang Dapat Terjadi

[pic 2]

Gambar 1. Kemungkinan yang Dapat Terjadi

  1. Di awal minggu ke 1, camp tidak memiliki persediaan sheets, sehingga harus membeli (W1)
  2. Di akhir minggu ke 1, terdapat kemungkinan pilihan :
  • Sheets cleaned by laundry (X1)
  • Sheets cleaned by Marry’s friend (Y1)
  1. Di awal minggu ke 2, camp masih tidak memiliki persediaan sheets, sehingga harus membeli (W2)
  2. Di akhir minggu ke 2, terdapat kemungkinan pilihan :
  • Sheets cleaned by laundry (X2)
  • Sheets cleaned by Marry’s friend (Y2)
  1. Di awal minggu ke 3, terdapat kemungkinan :
  • Ada persediaan 80% sheets cleaned by laundry di akhir minggu ke 1 (0,8X1)
  • Juga bisa membeli sheets baru (W3)
  1. Di akhir minggu ke 3, terdapat kemungkinan pilihan :
  • Sheets cleaned by laundry (X3)
  • Sheets cleaned by Marry’s friend (Y3)
  1. Di awal minggu ke 4, terdapat kemungkinan :
  • Ada persediaan 80% sheets cleaned by laundry di akhir minggu ke 2 (0,8X2)
  • Ada Persediaan 80% sheets cleaned by Marry’s friend di akhir minggu ke 1 (0,8Y1)
  • Juga bisa membeli sheets baru (W4)
  1. Di akhir minggu ke 4, terdapat kemungkinan pilihan :
  • Sheets cleaned by laundry (X4)
  • Sheets cleaned by Marry’s friend (Y4)
  1. Di awal minggu ke 5, terdapat kemungkinan :
  • Ada persediaan 80% sheets cleaned by laundry di akhir minggu ke 3 (0,8X3)
  • Persediaan 80% sheets cleaned by Marry’s friend di akhir minggu ke 2 (0,8Y2)
  • Juga bisa membeli sheets baru (W5)
  1. Di akhir minggu ke 5, terdapat kemungkinan pilihan :
  • Sheets cleaned by laundry (X5)
  • Sheets cleaned by Marry’s friend (Y5)
  1. Di awal minggu ke 6, terdapat kemungkinan :
  • Ada persediaan 80% sheets cleaned by laundry di akhir minggu ke 4 (0,8X4)
  • Ada persediaan 80% sheets cleaned by Marry’s friend di akhir minggu ke 3 (0,8Y3)
  • Juga bisa membeli sheets baru (W6)
  1. Di akhir minggu ke 6, terdapat kemungkinan pilihan :
  • Sheet cleaned by laundry (X6)
  1. Di awal minggu ke 7, terdapat kemungkinan :
  • Ada persediaan 80% sheets cleaned by laundry di akhir minggu ke 5 (0,8X5)
  • Ada persediaan 80% sheets cleaned by Marry’s friend di akhir minggu ke 4 (0,8Y4)
  • Juga bisa membeli sheet baru (W7)
  1. Di awal minggu ke 8, terdapat kemungkinan :
  • Ada persediaan 80% sheets cleaned by laundry di akhir minggu ke 6 (0,8X6)
  • Ada persediaan 80% sheets cleaned by Marry’s friend di akhir minggu ke (0,8Y5)
  • Juga bisa membeli sheet baru (W8)

Note : {W, X, Y} harus integer karena tidak mungkin membeli atau laundry sebanyak pecahan.

Step 2. Formulasi Model

Variabel Keputusan :

[pic 3]

[pic 4]

[pic 5]

[pic 6]

Fungsi Tujuan :

[pic 7]

[pic 8]

   [pic 9]

   [pic 10]

   [pic 11]

   [pic 12]

   [pic 13]

[pic 14]

[pic 15]

[pic 16]

[pic 17]

[pic 18]

[pic 19]

[pic 20]

[pic 21]

[pic 22]

[pic 23]

[pic 24]

Step 3. Solve by LINDO

Input :

MIN 10W1+10W2+10W3+10W4+10W5+10W6+10W7+10W8+4X1+4X2+4X3+4X4+4X5+4X6+2Y1+2Y2   +2Y3+2Y4+2Y5

S.T.        

...

...

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