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Software And Media Piracy

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English 102

25 June 2010

Annotated Bibliography: Software and Media Piracy

Bender, Mark T., and Yonhsheng Wang. "The Impact of Digital Piracy on Music Sales. A Cross-Country Analysis." International Social Science Review 84.3/4 (2009): 157-170. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web 24 June 2010.

In the article the authors discuss the impact of digital music piracy on music sales world wide. Their claim is that the advancement of technology has allowed the possibility for the music industry to see its last few years if actions are not taken. They back their claim up by providing from the RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America) estimates that six percent of the GDP in the U.S. Is generated from the music industry and from that six percent, a one percent increase in music piracy can cause an additional .6 decrease in the GDP is it's sector. They also include examples of programs that have caused the height in piracy such as ,"Napster", "Kazaa", and "Morpheus" (157). They emphasize the importance of piracy and need to focus efforts to prevent it from furthermore hurting our economy.

The authors continue to support their claims by providing even more examples of ways pirates are hurting our economy. The article follows an APA format as seen because of the Social Science review that it is in. Also the end-notes section towards the latter of the article is a key giveaway to the style the authors are trying to use. They want to inform the reader and provide empirical data of the ongoing problem of piracy. Their credibility to the subject can be seen in the amount of data provided. The authors show they have taken the time to properly research the topic.

The paper primary uses ethos because throughout the paper the author provides many examples of how piracy is affecting the music industry. These examples coupled with the closing sentence, where they emphasis that it will be necessary for businesses to reevaluate their models as associated with the recording industry, show the authors perspective on the topic. In this sense it also appeals to logos providing the audience with visual examples like charts from page 164. These two styles allow for the writers to convey a forceful and informative message to their intended reader.

Bishop, Jack. "Who are the Pirates? The Politics of Piracy, Poverty, and Greed in a Globalized Music Market." Popular Music & Society 27.1 (2004): 101-106. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 24 June 2010.

Bishops article discusses in detail the politics of piracy, poverty, and greed in global music market. He compares the cost differences caused by the price between pirated music versus original. The article points out efforts to push anti-piracy laws, enticed successfully by the sound recording industry. He continues to use many sources as pointed out in the works cited section, making it more towards his credibility and claim of the downward effects piracy is having on the media industry.. The article has a very good organization. Throughout the paper you can see use of headings, footings, and support of evidence for research as pointed out by citing a case study from the IFPI (105). In the study, the percentage of price of CD's is compared to the amount paid for by copied CD's. The of over 65% is an estimate that at the time could be more accurate, but in today's world the number seems like it should be way higher.

Bishop pushes his article to an audience of, entrepreneurs in the music market industry including the BIG FIVE (BMG, Warner, Universal, Sony, EMI) (101), investment agency's, and the general public who fall witness one of the most powerful industries just decades ago, to now becoming on the verge of take over by P2P sites. The author can be credible in his evidence because his is pursuing a PHD at ULCA (106), and also because his source information came from an industry standard analysis (IFPI), and not third party corporations. He used citations throughout the article as well to prove that extensive research had been done on the topic.

I feel that thru the authors use of sources and background research, ethos can be seen throughout the paper. A good example of this can be seen on page 102, where he describes intellectual property rights as a "battle" or "Flag" that can all be affiliated to "stamp out" music piracy across the globe. (102). The most overwhelming use of ethos can be seen in the "final thoughts section", where he concludes many of the finding of research to be outrageous as pointed out by use of many exclamation points. After this he uses a bit of pathos to play on the readers views and belief's as seen in examples on page 103.

Ding, Cherng G., and N-Ting Liu. "Productivity changes of Asian economies by taking into account software piracy." Economic Inquiry 47.1 (2009): 135-145. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 10 June 2010.

For the past two decades, the fast growing Asian economy has emerged as on of the most important economic regions in the world today however it's growth has been accompanied with severe piracy. The paper analyzes the productivity changes of some Asian economies by taking into account software piracy. Ding claims ,"that when included, the results indicate that productivity growth in Asian developing economies regresses, the productivity in non-Asian industrialized economies improves." (34). Her claim mainly describes how the ever growing topic of piracy is causing an inverse affect to economies around the world. More productivity in developing means less industry progression in established countries.

The paper supports her claims by providing various economic studies from accredited sources that show, piracy has an effective on the progressions countries economies. It places emphasis on various topics and charts making the style sway more towards APA. The use of these charts in the text can point assist in pointing out this style, along with the use of a reference page. The use of sources throughout the paper can be another tale of the style of writing.

The author uses a logos appeal by pointing out references and correlations between piracy and economic downturn as can be seen in the quote, "Past research suggests that bribery and other forms of corruption reduce investment and economic growth." (144). Corruption and growth are used as an inverted example providing the reader with the necessary background information used to adequately understand the topic of economic software piracy. The APA form is another key indicator of logos, concluding that scientific

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