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Socrates Best Kind Of Life

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Everyone in society has different views on the best kind of life. Some people think that the best kind of life is one that is filled with family. Some may think that it is concerning living life without any regrets and being prosperous, healthy and having someone to share it all with. But this is not the case for Socrates. Having very profound views about what could be called the best kind of life for a human being. This paper is going to explore four areas that Socrates believes makes up the best kind of life for humans. The fist point that this paper is going too examine the values and how it was vital for Socrates. Secondly this paper is going to explore virtue. The Third point of this paper is the pursuit of happiness. And lastly this paper will examine wisdom. These three components put together makes up Socrates' view on the best kind of life.

In Plato's Apology, Republic, Phaedo and Crito we find statements of Socrates' views of the best kind of life for a human being. This includes happiness and the pursuit of wisdom and virtue. However, because Socrates' views are broken up throughout these dialogues, it is sometimes difficult to see how his remarks fit together into a logical scheme. An appreciation of his values and worldviews can help us understand both his lifestyle and his behavior in the Apology, Republic, Phaedo and Crito. There are important differences between how the ancient Greeks viewed ethics and how most people view it today. The Greek word ethos, from which we derive our word Ð''ethics,' means Ð''habit.' Consequently, the central ethical question for ancient Greeks such as Socrates was not "What is the right action to perform in this particular situation?" but rather "What kind of person?" or, equivalently, "What kinds of habits and

character should be cultivated?" By contrast, society tends to focus our principled discussions on the moral permissibility of certain actions. In the views of today lengthy conversation about ethics would certainly not be the same as it was in the past. Some individuals are willing to reflect on these questions. They are generally hesitant to discuss questions about what kind of persons they should to be. They may become uncomfortable and sometimes defensive when questions are raised about the ethics of their personal habits and lifestyles. Socrates, however, like many ancient Greeks, believed that we need to settle questions about ethically virtuous character before we can properly settle questions about the morality of actions. Socrates was willing to die for his values. He would not let the Greek society control his way of life, he would rather die and stand his grounds. "For I spend my whole life in going about and persuading you all to give your first and greatest care to the improvement of your souls and not till you have done that to think of your bodies or your wealth"

The Greek word for virtue (arete) can also be translated as "excellence" and can be applied to a wider range of cases than our word "virtue." Consequently, when Socrates asked "When is someone's life a truly happy life?" and was connecting virtue and happiness, Socrates was really asking "What makes some human beings into truly excellent people?" or "What is the best, most excellent kind of life a person can live?" When society thinks of happiness, it tends to think about how people feel about their lives. By contrast, Socrates thought of happiness as an objective feature of one's life. According to the Crito Socrates claims that, "But my good friend, to me it appears that the conclusion which we have just reached is the same as our conclusion of former times. Now consider whether we still hold the belief that we should see the highest value, not on

living but on living well?" Many people today are troubled with the length of their lives rather than with the good quality of life they live. They spend a great deal of time and money trying to improve their health through exercise, dieting and medicine and comparatively little time and effort trying to become more virtuous people. Socrates demonstrates that living good defines living a happy life. Happiness is a virtuous activity that fulfills our proper purpose. "And you may easily



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