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Reconstruction After Civil War

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Reconstruction (1865-1877)

2 main issues:

Reconstruction failed to alter the South's social structure or its distribution of wealth and power which disadvantaged African-Americans.

Reconstruction left significant legacies, including the 14th and 15th amendments which would be used 100 years later to protect minority rights.

3 different kinds/plans:




Executive Reconstruction


1863 Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (10% Plan)

10% of voters in 1860 election had to take oath of allegiance to Union and accept emancipation

Radical Republicans wanted slower readmission process

Wade-Davis Bill (1864)

1/2 of eligible voters had to take oath of allegiance

13th Amendment

Andrew Johnson (Lincoln's VP) rolled back many gains

Black Codes

racial segregation in public places

prohibition of interracial marriages

prohibition of jury service by blacks

blacks couldn't testify against whites

blacks w/o lawful employment arrested as vagrants and auctioned off to employers who paid their fines

Congressional Reconstruction




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