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Ne Vs Chesapeake Dbq

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Indeed, New England and the Chesapeake regions both had settlers of English descent; by the 1700's the developments of these sodalities had sculptured them into two distinct societies.

The premier reason for the differentiation of the evolvement was primarily due to the motives for the foundations of these regions. The Virginia Company of London received a charter from King James I of England to establish Jamestown in 1607 in the New World as a profit-making venture. Like most joint stock companies, the Virginia Company was designed to last for a few years dedicated to the proposition that all stockholders should receive dividends adequate for their investments. Conversely, New England's motives for its foundation arose for religious purposes, During the Protestant Reformation in England, Puritans driven by reforms of John Calvin, Calvinism, broke their ties with the Roman Catholic Church and formed the Church of England endowed in English Christianity. King James I later harassed extreme Puritans, Separatists, because he feared defiance as their political leader. Furthermore in fear of persecution they fled to Holland where eventually after ensuing years of poverty and "Dutchification" of their children Separatists negotiated a deal with Virginia Co. to travel to the New World. These extremists referred to themselves as the "Purest of Puritans", and the later Puritans who came about in the 1630's Great Migration wanted to establish a "city upon a hill" as James Winthrop mentioned. (Document A)

Secondly, both the regions ultimately prospered because of economical and social patterns, but the aspects in which they were successful differed. Complete stable families settled in New England, in contrast to the Chesapeake. Ships bound for New England were husbandmen in their thirties and forties with a skilled profession. These strong family structures allowed a since of responsibility to emerge therefore men felt obligated to take care of their families and plant crops for their survival. (Doc B) On the contrary, the Chesapeake bound ships were mostly young single men who had left their families behind making unstable families. (Doc C) During the initial years in the Chesapeake gold was the main priority moreover they failed to plant crops and this caused a "starving time". Capt. John Smith held the colony together helped sustain conflicts within. (Doc F) Gold was everything except abundant but the fertile soil was plentiful. Relief came when the investors of the Virginia Co. embarked on farming as a substitute for gold mining. The Chesapeake paid for the passage of indentured servants through the head right system, and eventually slaves to meet the demands for labor. A geographical aid came with the hot climate, and it contributed to the agrarian methods, which allowed the Chesapeake region to emerge as an agricultural society and prosper because of the quality of the land and the staple crops it harvested mainly tobacco. On the other hand, The New Englanders would come to prosper through their hard work, thrift, and the quality of their commitment God and each other. New England wasn't blessed with the best geographical conditions and the rocky soil limited farming but because the resources and skills of talented settlers, like Winthrop, help the colony to prosper in fur trading, fishing (Cod), and ship building.




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