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Motivational Theories Examined

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                                                  Motivational Theories Examined


                                                                    Janine Gavin


                                                              Walden University




This paper intends to examine two different theories of motivation and consider the implications for short and long-term change. In addition this paper will consider the strengths and limitation of the self-determination theory and of Malsow’s Self-actualization theory.

Self Determination Theory

As proposed by Deci and Ryan (2000, 2008 and Ryan and Deci, 2000), Self Determination Theory  drives motivation as people encounter one of two types of inspiration: intrinsic and extrinsic. When they encounter self-governing inspiration, they feel a significant feeling of decision. Conversely, when people encounter controlled inspiration, they feel obliged and driven by powers that rise above the self, for example, administrators or society as a rule. for the most part, when people tend to feel they are allowed decision and independence, their determination and autonomy moves forward.

Self determination theory is of particular interest to me because self determination theory can explain some fascinating findings. For example, unsurprisingly, employees are less likely to become absorbed and engrossed in their work when someone else, such as their supervisor, imposes a deadline. Interestingly, this problem dissipates if employees set themselves a more stringent deadline (Burgess, Enzle, & Schmaltz, 2004). This behavior implies a sense of choice, which fosters an autonomous motivation.

Short and Long Term Change 

At the point when people are conceded some decision over which of a few treatment options they ought to get, the treatment has a tendency to be more successful. Specifically, this feeling of decision ingrains a feeling of control, and this feeling of control inspires physiological procedures that improve wellbeing. Predictable with this start, Geers, Rose, Fowler, Rasinski, Brown, and Helfer (2013) demonstrated that such advantages of decision are particularly affirmed in individuals who report a high requirement for control. 

In particular, in one review, members finished a measure that evaluates the degree to which they lean toward control, with inquiries like "I appreciate settling on my own choices". Next, either a pain relieving cream or a hand chemical was connected to the hands of members. A few however not all members were conceded the decision over which of two creams to apply to their hands. Really, the creams were dormant. At long last, all members drenched their hands in extremely chilly water. On the off chance that members were conceded the decision to apply the pain relieving cream, they reported less torment. Be that as it may, this advantage of decision was professed just in individuals who reported a yearning for control. 

Likewise, in a moment ponder, members heard an aggravating sound over earphones. A few however not all members were informed that a specific shading, showed over a PC screen, could hose the inconvenience this sound brings out. Besides, a subset of members was allowed a chance to pick which shading shows up on the screen. On the off chance that members were allowed the chance to pick the shading that, as far as anyone knows, hoses the uneasiness, they reported lower levels of inconvenience. Once more, this impact was affirmed just in members who reported a raised level of control reported great satisfaction.

Strengths and Limitations of Self Determination Theory

There are a great deal of studies that bolster Self-Determination theory and its common sense ramifications. In any case, it doesn't imply that it's ideal.

For a few people the idea of Self-Determination is to some degree confusing. In the event that one doesn't trust that the unrestrained choice exists, then a suspicion of self-assurance would be impossible. A philosophical issue aside, likely observational feedback that supports Self Determination Theory exists. The researchers propose three psychological needs.Why simply these three? Other theories have proposed more needs. This paper will additionally analyze Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and Self-Actualization Theory.

Maslow’s Self Actualization Theory

At the very apex of motivation, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs has provided the self-actualization theory. Maslow (1943) suggests that we are most persuaded to understand our own particular internal potential. Maslow's self-actualization theory is a standout amongst the most unmistakable themes in psychology, additionally one of the most studied, tested and reviewed. As per Maslow, self-actualization is the genuine acknowledgment of your inward potential, whatever that is. Self-actualization is not a condition of finish flawlessness. Maslow's extremely elevated definition recommended that self-completion is a constant procedure of getting to be.

This theory is of particular interest to me because it is constantly referenced in relation to intrinsic motivations. Self-actualization theory much like self-determination theory provides a platform for self-discovery and individual motivations.  In the field of education it provides a look at why some students cannot focus or put forth adequate efforts because they feel ill, cannot see or hungry. In addition many children in our school are dealing with concerns over safety in their homes and communities.  Without such fundamental needs being met it these individuals struggle with reaching their full potential.



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