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Giza

Essay by   •  March 16, 2011  •  355 Words (2 Pages)  •  1,258 Views

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Throughout the time of civilization, individual cultures have a tendency of leaving behind eminent archaeological structures. These structures enable others to indulge their appetite for curiosity of history and culture. The Pyramids of Giza, Egypt are one of the most relavant examples of a civilization having left their mark on the world. For a period of time in 20th century B.C Egyptian royalty became very fond of these "mountains of the pharaohs", which were used as burial chambers that allowed the occupants to pass on peacefully to their gods. Egyptians began with the step pyramid of Zoser, a smaller yet adequate pyramid, but soon pharaohs and kings wanted bigger, more impressive tombs, which ultimately led to the building of the Great Pyramids of Giza.

At the city of Giza, a necropolis of ancient Memphis, and today part of Greater Cairo, three immaculate structures seem to just sit on Egypt's hot sand west of the Nile, bordering Sahara Desert. The first of the three is the biggest pyramid and the oldest of the seven ancient wonders of the world. Named the Great Pyramid of Khufu after its potential resident king Khufu, this pyramid contains 2.3 million stone blocks and originally stretched about 146 m high. One of Khufu's neighbor pyramids was his successor and son Khafre, whose pyramid was the second biggest of the three. Khafre built his pyramid and was known to be the builder of the sphinx, the mortuary temple and the valley temple to. The third remarkable engineering monument belongs to Khafe's successor Menkaure, whose pyramid now after years of Mother Nature, only peaks at about 62 meters. Although these historical structures sit quiet and unspoken, years ago on the plateau that they were built on, a moment of silence is the last thing on any ones mind. The brilliant architecture and engineering that took place to develop the Great Pyramids of Giza to this day still leaves researchers questioning, "how did they do

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