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Ethical Issues in Research

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Ethical Issues in Research

PSYC 1000 : Introductory Psychology

October, 5th. 2017


Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. (n.d.). Retrieved October 07, 2017, from

McLeod, S. A. (2015). Psychology research ethics. Retrieved from

Smith, D. (2003, January). Five principles for research ethics. Retrieved October 07, 2017, from

Paper #1

The American Psychological Association, APA, has created a formal statement or codes to protect research participants, the reputation of psychology and even the psychologists. The codes were created to remind psychologist that they have guidelines to how they should treat their participants and what would occur if they failed to meet those expectations. Psychologists must protect and respect the rights and the dignity of their participants and can not take advantage of them under any circumstances. Unlike the American Psychological Association, the British Psychological Association, BPA, requires all research to be approved by at least one or more Ethic Committee. These committees review the proposals and weigh potential benefits and potential risks and harm. Usually, if potential risks and dangers are too high the committee force researchers to make changes that lower these risks or rarely, they do not approve of the research/study at all. Both the American Psychological Association and the British Psychological Association have written guidelines on ethical issues and the most important ethical issues are informed consent, debrief, protection of participants, confidentiality and withdrawal from an investigation.

Informed consent is when participants are informed before the give their consent on what they will be participating in. Participants must be 18 years or older to give their actual consent or children's parents or legal guardians must give their consent for letting them participate. The most formal and informed way to give consent is by providing participants with consent forms and an information form on the experiment itself. The information form must include a statement which indicates that participation is voluntary and they will not receive any consequences because of it, purpose of the experiment/research, all possible risks and discomforts physical and mental, procedures done in the experiment, Experiment’s possible benefits to



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