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Decision-Making Modal Analysis Paper

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Decision-Making Modal Analysis Paper

Individuals, groups or teams make decisions every day. Some decisions are very important and affect a lot of people whereas other decisions are small and affect only one or two people. A decision-making process based on facts leads to good decisions. Solving problems is important in every area of life. All disciplines of philosophy, business, science, and humanities have developed their own approach to solving problems. Most problem-solving models used by each group are similar in processes.

FRAMING

These are mental structures that people create to simplify and organize their life. How decisions are made under circumstances are key in solving problems. Boundaries control the scope of the problem you want to solve. Reference points, the elements that determine success or failure. Gauges or assessments are used to measure success or failure. Metaphors and analogies are used to interpret the situation at hand. The most difficult situations facing professionals are making the right decisions. For the best results, a controlled and organized process must be followed.

* Clarify purpose and boundaries of the decision

* Gather information

* Identify who is affected by the decision

* Identify who will make the decision (individual or group)

* Identify what knowledge or expertise is needed to make the decision

* Identify what information or resources currently exist to help the decision making process

* Define by when the decision needs to be made

* Communicate to affected parties who is making the decision and the rationale for it

These are mental structures that people create to simplify and organize the world. They include all the ingredients in rational decision making.

COMMUNICATING

Communication is an essential process in the development of group culture. The type of communication structure determines leadership, roles and the status hierarchy within a group. Good communication can aid in group morale, cohesiveness, and enhance overall productivity (Hare, 1992). The balance between task-focused and socio-emotional communication is crucial if a group is to be effective. Different types of communication are needed for different tasks. If a group's task is relatively simple, a centralized communication network in which interaction between members is limited tends to increase effectiveness. Complex problem-solving is facilitated by decentralized communication networks

(Shaw, 1981). As recommended by Wheelan (1994, p33), the choice of a communication network might be more effective if strategies of decision-making were outlined in advance and if urges to stabilize the structure too early were resisted, as there is considerable resistance to change once these structures are established. Awareness of these issues is usually low and it is usually low and it is one of the tasks of the group leader or facilitator to bring them to the group's attention. Summarize the rationale for the decision and communicate the decision, why it was made and the rationale for it.

IMPLEMENTING

Define the steps in implementing the decision including the timeframe

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