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Chlamydia - Risk for Health Care Imbalance and Disease Due to Socioeconomic Status

Essay by   •  April 29, 2018  •  Term Paper  •  1,200 Words (5 Pages)  •  690 Views

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Most of the population are at risk for health care imbalance and disease due to socioeconomic status (SES), demographics, and lifestyle. Financial status may diminish access to

medical care and insurance. Demographics encircle gender, ethnic groups, and education which regularly affect females, minorities, or illiterate. Minorities are often faced with health care inconsistency that may amplify the risk for disease. Racial/ethnic minorities represent 36.3% of the populace in the U.S. ("Minority Populations," 2015). The same treatment and choices should be accessible to all nationalities to reduce openings in health care.

It is urgent to distinguish high-chance populaces to decrease the rate of disease, execute preventative measures, and give training to the appropriate community. Other high-risk populations incorporate people with disabilities, veterans, infants, children, adolescents, elderly, drug users, pregnant women, incarcerated persons, and those living in urban areas ("Other Populations," 2014). At-risk populations may experience health disparities putting the population at risk for numerous complications or death. This paper will talk about adolescent and young adult women as high-risk populations for chlamydia infections in Illinois. Adverse health outcomes such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and its sequelae will also be addressed. Chlamydia infections pose health risks to youths and young adults, while incidence by and by keep on increasing. Incite identification is required alongside with population education to diminish the negative outcomes of the disease.

Teenagers and young adults aged 15 to 24 represent half of the sexually transmitted diseases (STD) diagnosed in the U.S("Adolescents," 2015; Jackson, Seth, DiClemente, & Lin, 2015). Occurrence rates are higher in this age group contrasted with more older people ("Reportable STDs," 2014). The predominance of chlamydia is alarming in the U.S. being the most diagnosed STD (LeFevre, 2014; Roston, Suleta, Stempinski, Keith, & Patel, 2015; "Sexually transmitted disease," 2015). Women are noted with the most astounding prevalence rates in contrast with men (“Sexually transmitted disease,” 2015). See Appendix A. The rates in Illinois surpass the national rates presenting a challenge for the state (Roston et al., 2015; "Sexually Transmitted Disease," 2015). Numerous components credit to the issue including behavioral, biologic, social, financial, and cultural factors ("Sexually Transmitted Diseases," n.d.; "STDs in adolescents," 2014).

Chlamydia can be distinguished from a micro, meso, and macro system level. The micro system level address the qualities and attitudes of teenagers and young women regarding sex. This may incorporate a positive or negative attitude towards sex. Alcohol and/or drug abuse influences sexual choices and may prompt to dangerous behavior ("Sexually Transmitted Diseases," n.d.). Dangerous sexual practices among women increment the danger of a chlamydia infection. The meso system level recognizes sexual relationships and sexual behaviors. Monogamous females between 15-24 years of age who engage in sexual relations with guys who are not monogamous, increment the risk of infections ("Final Recommendation," 2014; "Sexually Transmitted Diseases," n.d.). Young ladies with various sex partners are likewise in danger ("Final Recommendation," 2014). Finally, the macro system level identifies the culture and values of the community and society. The media impacts choices made by teenager and young adults. Macro system level influences the assets assigned to the high-risk population and also bolster the requirement for any policies developed to address chlamydia infections. As of 2000, all states are required to report chlamydia diagnosis ("Sexually Transmitted Disease," 2015). This approach enables basic statistical data to be gathered all through the U.S. This information is then used to create population-based intercessions in required communities.

The risk factors for chlamydia can be clarified utilizing the epidemiological triangle: operator, host, and condition (Cupp Curley & Vitale, 2012). Sex is the single factor (agent) that causes chlamydia infections in young adult females aged 15-24. In spite of the fact that sex is the main factor, there are different elements that add to this issue: discontinuous or absence of condom use, amount of of sex partners, peer pressure, depression, and substance abuse. Peer pressure can encourage negative or dangerous behavior. Depression can influence self-esteem and self-worth prompting to substance abuse or the engagement of sex for attention, acknowledgment, or love. The host, adolescents and young women, are at imperil for chlamydia more prominent than any other age group or sexual orientation ("Adolescents," 2015; Jackson et al., 2015; LeFevre, 2014;

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