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Catastrophic Reality of Human Trafficking

Essay by   •  February 9, 2017  •  Case Study  •  5,762 Words (24 Pages)  •  1,071 Views

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Our people and our children are not for sale!

CATASTROPHIC REALITY OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Constitutional provisions- article 23, 24, immoral traffic (prevention) act 1956, child labour rehabilitation welfare fund, child labor(prohibition and regulation) act 1986. 1. the organizational rackets puts professional competence of our society under question. 2. The conditions so developed in the life of a child distort cognitive, affective and directional aspects of the child's value system. 3. Society by and large should inculcate conscientization by role playing, allegoric methods. 4. Breaching of the law prohibiting such practices should be made more stringent, in both teleological and deontological approaches. 5. Both structuralism and functionalism of the curbing laws should be focused. 6. consequentialism and equal protection of laws should be emphasized upon.

Human rights could be generally defined as those rights which are inherent in our nature and without which we cannot live as human beings. Human rights and fundamental freedom allow us to develop fully and use our human qualities, our intelligence, our talents and our conscience and to satisfy our spiritual and other needs. They are based on a mankind’s increasing demand for a life in which the inherent dignity and worth of each human being will receive respect and protection.

The denial of human rights and fundamental freedom not only is an individual and personal tragedy, but also creates conditions of social and political unrest, sowing the seeds of violence and conflict within and between the societies and nations. As the first sentence of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states, respect for human rights and human dignity “is foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world”.

The international community has grown and made a paradigm shift in the course of the twentieth century and it was one particularly agonizing convulsion- the second world war- that promoted the victors to try to assemble a forum, firstly to deal with some of the war’s consequences, but foremost to help provide a way to prevent such appalling events in the future.

Human rights are rights inherent in every human being. We can make moral claims regardless of whether or not they are laid down by law. Laws, however, give moral claims to legal force. In countries where rights have been made into laws, we still need to know if these laws are being fully put into practice. Laws can also have an important educational effect. They define what a society officially thinks it is proper to do so, and they provide a specific expression of the standards that a society thinks should be endorsed. I've fought my demons and I'm not alone. There are millions like me and they need a voice.

Human trafficking is the most terrible and horrifying form of abuse of an individual for economic gain. It is all around us. It’s so close to home. It is embedded in our everyday life. It is the worst form of Human rights violation. It is the 3rd largest organized crime and fastest growing organized crime. Trafficking can occur within a country or may involve movement across borders. Trafficking affects all regions and most countries of the world.

Trafficking happens when need meets greed. The savagery of the crime shakes and breaks our belief in humanity. Every 30 second a child is trafficked. Humans are trafficked & sold over and over again and that evokes a disbelief and outrage. This evil truly exist! It is unbelievable how it negates the very humanity of the victims as this modern-day slavery continues unabated. The crime is incredibly complex and so deeply embedded in our society that it makes it a herculean task to detect and uproot it. The traffickers sexually exploit their victims (prostitution, pornography, sex tourism) or force them into sweat shop work, domestic servitude, begging, armed services, migrant farming and hard labor. Large number of them are even trafficked for organ trade and forced marriage!

Traffickers prey upon vulnerability.  There are many aspects of vulnerability, arising from various physical, social, economic, and environmental factors-oppression, unemployment, poverty, social exclusion, situations of armed or war conflicts, lack of political, social and economic stability, domestic violence, gender discrimination, lack of proper access to education and information etc. Traffickers dupe and ensnare the victims in the trade under false pretense of lucrative job opportunities and better life by manipulating and exploiting their vulnerabilities. Females are either lured or brutally pushed into flesh trade with the bait of a loving relationship, gifts, freedom and marriages. Some of the victims are even exploited by psychological coercion. Victims are often kidnapped, raped, assaulted and made addicts of lethal substances to control them. While human trafficking spans all demographics, circumstances or vulnerabilities; these are mainly the reasons that lead to a higher susceptibility to victimization and human trafficking. While not inclusive of all vulnerabilities, the following highlights a few risk factors for victims of human trafficking.

Traffickers employ a variety of control tactics, including physical and emotional abuse, sexual assault, confiscation of identification and money, isolation from friends and family, and even renaming victims. Often, traffickers identify and leverage their victims’ vulnerabilities in order to create dependency. They make promises aimed at addressing the needs of their target in order to impose control. As a result, victims feel trapped and fear leaving for myriad reasons, including psychological trauma, shame, emotional attachment, or physical threats to themselves or their children.

Runaway and homeless youth are vulnerable to trafficking. A study in Chicago found that 56 percent of prostituted women were initially runaway youth and similar numbers have been identified for male populations. Runaway and homeless youth lacks a strong supportive network and runs away to unfamiliar environments hence are particularly at risk of trafficking. Runaway youth are often approached by traffickers at transportation hubs, shelters or other public spaces. These traffickers pretend to be a boyfriend or significant other, using feigned affection and manipulation to elicit commercial sex or services from the victim.

Foreign nationals who are trafficked within the United States face unique challenges that may leave them more susceptible to trafficking and exploitation. In 2013, 32 percent of calls with high indicators of human trafficking to the NHTRC referenced foreign nationals. Recruiters located in home countries frequently require such large recruitment and travel fees that victims become highly indebted to the recruiters and traffickers. These fees are inflated far beyond cost in order to create economic instability and dependency on the new employer or trafficker. Traffickers leverage the non-portability of many work visas as well as the lack of familiarity with surroundings, laws and rights, language fluency, and cultural understanding in order to control and manipulate victims.

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