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Bus Law Review

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Natural Law вЂ" denotes a system of moral and ethical principles that are inherent in human nature and that people can discover through the us of their natural intelligence, or reason.

Positive Law вЂ" Or national law (the written law of a given society at a particular point in time), applies only to the citizens of that nation or society.

Legal Realism вЂ" the idea that law is just one of many institutions in society and that it is shaped by social forces and needs.

Constitutional Law вЂ" The law expressed in these constitutions.

Statutory Law вЂ" Laws enacted by legislative bodies at any level of government, such as the statutes passed by congress or state legislatures, make up the body of law generally referred to as statutory law.

Ordinances вЂ" Statutes (laws, rules, or orders) passed by municipal or county governing units to govern matters not covered by federal or state law. Ordinances commonly have to do with county or city land use (zoning ordinances), building and safety codes, and other matters affecting the local unit.

Uniform Laws вЂ" or model laws, for the states to consider adopting.

Administrative laws вЂ" The rules, orders, and decisions o administrative agencies.

Administrative agency вЂ" a federal, state, or local government agency established o perform a specific function.

Executive agencies вЂ" is an agency that exist within the cabinet departments of the executive branch. The food and Drug administration, for example, is an agency within the department of Health and Human Services.

Independent regulatory agencies вЂ" are agencies at the Federal level, such as the Federal Trade Commission, the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the federal communications commission.

Case Law вЂ" Interpretations of constitutional provisions, of statutes enacted by legislatures, and of regulations created by administrative agencies is case la or common law.

Common Law вЂ" a body of general rules that applied throughout the entire English realm. Eventually, the common law tradition became part of the heritage of all nations that were once British colonies, including the United States.

Remedies вЂ" the legal name to enforce a right or redress a wrong.

Courts of law вЂ" is the courts that awarded the compensation.

Damages вЂ" money given to a party whose legal interests have been injured.

Chancellor вЂ" When individuals could not obtain adequate remedy in a court of law because of strict technicalities, they petitioned the king for relief. Most of these petitions were decided by an advisor to the king, called a chancellor.

Courts of Equity вЂ" Eventually, formal chancery courts, or courts of equity, were established.

Remedies in equity вЂ" equitable remedies were the remedies granted by the equity courts.

Equitable Maxims вЂ" judges were often guided by so called equitable maxims - propositions or general statements of equitable



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