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First Labor law passed in the 20th century

1914 - Clayton Act

* Labor's Magna Carta

1926 - Railway Labor Act

- privater sector

- heavily regulated

- made railway unions legal

- collective bargaining

- only act where there is presidential powers

- can force employees to go back to work, etc.

* substituting labor - replacements

1936 - added airlines to RLA

1932 - Norris LaGuardia

- labor injuction

- yellow dog contracts unenforceable

1935 - Wagner

- the most pro-labor legistilation ever passed in the U.S

- section 7: basic employee rights

- section 8: discrimation

- established "failure to bargain under good faith"

National Labor Relations Board:

* covers employees and unions in the private sectors

* not apart of Labor Department

* handle complaints dealing with unfair labor practices in private sector

* ceritfy unions

First Amendment to Wagner - 1947- Taft Hurtley

- unfair labor practices for unions

- secondary boycotting illegal

-CocaCola example

- cannot get another employer involved in your beef with another employer

- Hot-Cargo Agreement

-cannot put pressure on an employer not to carry specific product in conflict

After Wagner, unions became very powerful and rich.

1957- Landrum-Griffin Act

- Kennedy brothers

- disclosure and reportinhg act

- must report how funds are dealt with

- under Labor Dept- held accountable

- rights for union members

- duty of fair representation

Public Sector:

1.) federal employees

cannot bargain for wages beacause the wages are set by congress

cannot strike

2.) state employees

*most postal employees are in 2 unions and are heavily protected and regulated

Executive order 10809

federal employees can join union

union employees:

shop steward: voted on by shop to represent employees

local president

district president: deals with more than 1 local; most districts are divided into regions

national officers

-through the corporate structure, managers represent the stockholders.

-labor relations managers and representatives are typically found at corporate, divisional and plant levels.

Pullman Strike:

-first time federal injuction was used for strike

-railroad company

-wild-cat strike

-fed troops and fed gov't issue stop of strike

-debbs, big organizer in unions particularly in railroad industry

Haymarket Riot:

-8hr work day

-took place in Chicago, Il

-exploitation of child labor

-october 1884 strike was proposed

-Kinght of Labor

-industrial union

-8 ppl were on trial

charged with conspiracy

Homestead Strike:

-when mgmt locks out employees it is called a lockout

-Henry Frick was a known anti-unionist

-craft union

Knights of Labor:

-a fraternal order

-largest organized union

-welcomed blacks to organization

against foreign labor, asians

-4 strategies of operation

1.) non-politicians


foreign policy

2.) produce consume co-ops

3.) no strike policy

4.) education of empowerment


-Chicago, Il

-ppl who rejected KOL ideas

- up to 50,000 members

Labor Relations process: occurs when management and the exclusive bargaining agent for the employees jointly determines and administer work rules

1.) recognition of the legitimate



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