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Aristotle: Life Sketch

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ARISTOTLE: LIFE SKETCH

Aristotle was born in Stagirus in 384 BC. His father’s name was Nichormachus. He was a court physician by profession and worked at the Macedonian Court. Aristotle was nourished by his guardians after the death of his father. Aristotle continued his studies in an Academy in Athens for 20 years and his teacher was Plato. Around his last 20 years in Academy, he taught the discipline of Rhetoric. After Plato death, Aristotle would have head the academy due to his paramount ability but Aristotle’s teaching were too different from that of Plato’s due to which Nephew of Plato headed the Academy. Aristotle left for his court for 3 years. He later on married twice; first to Phythias (the niece of his friend who was the king of Atarneus & Assos in Mysia) and second to Herpyllis. Aristotle went to Mytilene when Persians captured Hermeas at the finish of 3 years. Aristotle became teacher of Alexander who was son of Philip of Macedonia. After the death of Alexander’s father Philip, Aristotle went back to Athens after his service was completed. Aristotle died in 322BC aged 62.

ARISTOTLE AS A CHARISMATIC LEADER

Lyceum was founded by Aristotle in 334/335 BCE. It was best known for Peripatetic School of philosophy. It was located in Athens, Greece. Aristotle can be classified as a charismatic leader for his followers because those who followed him from Lyceum Academy were known as Peripatetic. The school was still in operation by various leaders even after Aristotle left Athens in 323 BCE. After Aristotle returned from Asia at the age of 50 he founded that the school was devastated by Sulla one of the Roman Generals. However, in 1996 at Contemporary Athens, remains of the Lyceum were found in a [ark behind the Hellenic Parliament.

Aristotle was a teacher in his school and his main focus was on disciplines of cooperative research. This idea generated from his interest in natural history work and philosophy which was also contributed to his library. The students of the school were given historical and scientific projects to work on as part of their curriculum.

Alexander the Great was the student of Aristotle. He was involved in collection of plant and animal species for the research work of his teacher. Through this Aristotle was able to create first zoo and a botanical garden. Aristotle gave the leadership of his academy to Theophrast before dying that year in Chalcius.

ARISTOTLE LIBRARY

Aristotle’s student named Theophrastus headed The Peripathetic School and he preserved the writings of Aristotle. Neleus was later on made the in charge of Theophrastus’s library. This library consisted of Aristotle’s important writings. To prevent theft the books were stored in a vault but were later on damaged by humidity and insects. One of the rich book lovers, known as Apellicon, exposed these writings and brought them back to Athens. They were later on transported to Rome. There, Aristotle’s writings were transformed in new editions and were the pioneer cause of Scholar’s concern.

ARISTOTLE AS A TRANFORMATIONAL LEADER

Aristotle can be classified as a transformational leader because most of the branches of knowledge were thoroughly transformed by him. 31 of Aristotle’s writings were endured from a total of 200. In Ancient Greek philosophy, Aristotle was one of the most pioneering figures. Disciplines such as Mathematics, Biology and Ethics were sorted into zones of human knowledge.

ARISTOTLE WORKS ON ABSTRACT PHILOSOPHY

LOGIC

Aristotle was also known as Father of Logic because he developed a formalized system for reasoning. This worked helped men to learn all imaginable things that relates to reality. Explaining objects on the basis of their features, actions and states of being are the beginning steps. He also explained in his writing that through use of deduction and inference human can gather knowledge about objects. According to Aristotle a deduction was a reasonable argument. It states that when certain things are laid down something else follows out of necessity in virtue of their being so. In present philosophy which states that one or more other premises of a certain form results in conclusion.

EPISTEMOLOGY

For Aristotle epistemology is the study of things that survives and occurs in the world and rises to knowledge of the universal. However, Aristotle's educator Plato feels that epistemology initiates with the information of all inclusive structures and plummets to learning of specific impersonations of these.

METAPHYSICS

Aristotle works also included Metaphysics in which he classified between motion and form. According to Aristotle, matter involved tangible substance of things. Whereas, form was a new kind of a thing that gave it its identity.

ARISTOTLE’S WORKS ON NATURAL PHILOSOPHY

PHYSCIS

In his book 'On Generation and Corruption', he Aristotle related every one of the four components proposed before by Earth, Water, Empedocles, Fire and Air to two among four sensible characteristics, chill, hot, wet and dry. From the Empedoclean plot, every single issue was made of the four components, in contrasting extents. Aristotle's plan included the eminent Aether, the celestial substance of the glorious circles, stars and planets. In the Physics, Aristotle viably expresses a quantitative law,v, speed of a falling body is relative (say, with consistent c) to its weight, W, and contrarily corresponding to the thickness ρ, of the liquid in which it is falling.

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