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Adventures Of Huckleberry Fin

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Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Research paper on Mark Twain's Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a novel about a young boy's coming of age in the Missouri of the mid-1800^Тs. It is the story of Huck's struggle to win freedom for himself and Jim, a Negro slave. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was Mark Twain^Тs greatest book, and a delighted world named it his masterpiece. To nations knowing it well - Huck riding his raft in every language men could print - it was America's masterpiece (Allen 259). It is considered one of the greatest novels because it conceals so well Twain's opinions within what is seemingly a child's book. Though initially condemned as inappropriate material for young readers, it soon became prized for its recreation of the Antebellum South, its insights into slavery, and its depiction of adolescent life. The novel resumes Huck's tale from the Adventures of Tom Sawyer, which ended with Huck^Тs adoption by Widow Douglas. But it is so much more. Into this book the world called his masterpiece, Mark Twain put his prime purpose, one that branched in all his writing: a plea for humanity, for the end of caste, and of its cruelties (Allen 260). Twain, whose real name is Samuel Langhorne Clemens, was born in Florida, Missouri, in 1835. During his childhood he lived in Hannibal, Missouri, a Mississippi river port that was to become a large influence on his future writing. It was Twain's nature to write about where he lived, and his nature to criticize it if he felt it necessary. As far his structure, Kaplan said, In plotting a book his structural sense was weak; intoxicated by a hunch, he seldom saw far ahead, and too many of his stories peter out from the author's fatigue or surfeit. His wayward techniques came close to free association. This method served him best after he had conjured up characters from long ago, who on coming to life wrote the narrative for him, passing from incident to incident with a grace their creator could never achieve in manipulating an artificial plot (Kaplan 16). His best friend of forty years William D. Howells, has this to say about Twain's writing. So far as I know, Mr. Clemens is the first writer to use in extended writing the fashion we all use in thinking, and to set down the thing that comes into his mind without fear or favor of the thing that went before or the thing that may be about to follow (Howells 186). The main character, Huckleberry Finn, spends much time in the novel floating down the Mississippi River on a raft with a runaway slave named Jim. Before he does so, however, Huck spends some time in the fictional town of St. Petersburg where a number of people attempt to influence him. Huck^Тs feelings grow through the novel. Especially in his feelings toward his friends, family, blacks, and society. Throughout the book, Huck usually looks into his own heart for guidance. Moral intuition is the basis on which his character rests. Before the novel begins, Huck Finn has led a life of absolute freedom. His drunken and often missing father has never paid much attention to him; his mother is dead and so, when the novel begins, Huck is not used to following any rules. In the beginning of the book Huck is living with the Widow Douglas and her sister, Miss Watson. Both women are fairly old and are incapable of raising a rebellious boy like Huck Finn. However, they attempt to make Huck into what the y believe will be a better boy. The Widow Douglas she took me for her son, and allowed she would sivilize me; but it rough living in the house all the time considering how dismal regular and decent the widow was in all her ways^Ф (Twain 11). This process includes making Huck go to school, teaching him various religious facts, and making him act in a way that the women find socially acceptable. In this first chapter, Twain gives us the first direct example of communicating his feelings through Huck Finn: ^УAfter supper, the Widow Douglas got out her book and learned me about Moses...By and bye she let it out that Moses had been dead a considerable long time; so then I didn^Тt care no more about him, because I don't take no stock in dead people^Ф (Twain 12). In a letter written by Twain, he had this to say: As to the past, there is but one good thing about it, and that is, that it is the past -- we don't have to see it again...I have no tears for my pile, no respect, no reverence, no pleasure in taking a rag- picker's hood and exploring it (Bellamy 156). Twain expresses his feelings in the above paragraph by using the I don't take no stock in dead people(Twain 12) line in the novel. In this way he can fashion a child^Тs narrative to convey his views of the past. This is one example of the process Twain will continue to use in this novel to conceal satirical meanings within humorous lines. Huck, who has never had to follow many rules in his life, finds the demands the women place upon him constraining and the life with them lonely. As a result, soon after he first moves in with them, he runs away. He soon comes back, but, even though he becomes somewhat comfortable with his new life as the months go by, Huck never really enjoys the life of manners, religion, and education that the Widow and her sister impose upon him. Huck believes he will find some freedom with Tom Sawyer. Tom is a boy of Huck^Тs age who promises Huck and other boys of the town a life of adventure. Huck is eager to join Tom Sawyer's Gang because he feels that doing so will allow him to escape the boring life he leads with the Widow Douglas. Unfortunately, such an escape does not occur. Tom Sawyer promises the gang they will be robbing stages, murdering and ransoming people, kidnapping beautiful women, but none of this comes to pass. Huck finds out too late that Tom's adventures are imaginary: that raiding a caravan of A-rabs really means terrorizing young children on a Sunday School picnic, that stolen joolry is nothing more than turnips or rocks (Twain 22). Huck is disappointed that the adventures Tom promises are not real and so, along with the other members, he resigns from the gang. Another person who tries to get Huckleberry Finn to change is Pap, Hucks father. Some of Huck's most memorable lines were in reference to Pap. Twain uses humor and innocence to depict a generalization of society: Pap always said, take a chicken when you get a chance, because if you don^Тt want him yourself you can easy find somebody that does, and a good deed ain't never forgot. I never see Pap when he didn't want the chicken himself, but that is what he used to say, anyway (Twain 16). These types of paragraphs are used for three things simultaneously: to add a note of satire, to add to the storyline, and to continue to emphasize the child^Тs point of view (Branch 214). Pap is one of the most interesting



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