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Abraham Lincoln

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LINCOLN, Abraham

(1809--1865)

LINCOLN, Abraham, a Representative from Illinois and 16th President of the United States; born in Hardin County, Ky., February 12, 1809; moved with his parents to a tract on Little Pigeon Creek, Ind., in 1816; attended a log-cabin school at short intervals and was self-instructed in elementary branches; moved with his father to Macon County, Ill., in 1830 and later to Coles County, Ill.; read the principles of law and works on surveying; during the Black Hawk War he volunteered in a company of Sangamon County Rifles organized April 21, 1832; was elected its captain and served until May 27, when the company was mustered out of service; reenlisted as a private and served until mustered out June 16, 1832; returned to New Salem, Ill., and was unsuccessful as a candidate for the State house of representatives; entered business as a general merchant in New Salem; postmaster of New Salem 1833-1836; deputy county surveyor 1834-1836; elected a member of the State house of representatives in 1834, 1836, 1838, and 1840; declined to be a candidate for renomination; admitted to the bar in 1836; moved to Springfield, Ill., in 1837 and engaged in the practice of law; elected as a Whig to the Thirtieth Congress (March 4, 1847-March 3, 1849); did not seek a renomination in 1848; an unsuccessful applicant for Commissioner of the General Land Office under President Taylor; tendered the Governorship of Oregon Territory, but declined; unsuccessful Whig candidate for election to the United States Senate before the legislature of 1855; unsuccessful Republican candidate for the United States Senate in 1858; elected as a Republican President of the United States in 1860; reelected in 1864 and served from March 4, 1861, until his death; shot by an assassin in Washington, D.C., April 14, 1865, and died the following day; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, April 19-21, 1865; interment in Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Ill.

Bibliography

Donald, David H. Lincoln . New York: Simon Schuster, 1995; Findley, Paul. A. Lincoln: The Crucible of Congress. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1979; Riddle, Donald W. Congressman Abraham Lincoln. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1957; Basley, Roy Prentice, ed. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. 9 vols. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1953-1955; Oates, Stephen B. With Malice Toward None: A Life of Abraham Lincoln . New York: Harper & Row, 1977. Reprint, New York: HarperPerennial, 1994.

Angle, Paul M., ed. The Complete Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858 . Previously published as: Created Equal ? [Chicago]: University of Chicago Press, [1958]. Reprint, with a new foreword by David Zarefsky. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

------, ed. The Lincoln Reader . With an introduction by Paul M. Angle. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1947 Reprint, New York, N.Y.: Da Capo Press, [1990].

Arnold, Isaac Newton. The Life of Abraham Lincoln . Chicago: McClurg, 1884. Introduction by James A. Rawley. Reprint, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.

Bak, Richard. The Day Lincoln Was Shot. Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company, 1998.

Baker, James Thomas. Abraham Lincoln: The Man and the Myth . Fort Worth: Harcourt College Publishers, 2000.

Bartlett, D. W. (David W.). Life and Public Services of Hon. Abraham Lincoln, With a Portrait on Steel, to Which is Added a Biographical Sketch of Hon. Hannibal Hamlin . New-York: H. Dayton, 1860. Reprint, Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries Press, [1969].

Basler, Roy Prentice. The Lincoln Legend: A Study in Changing Conceptions. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1938.

---, comp. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address in Translation . Washington: Library of Congress, 1972.

------, ed. Abraham Lincoln, His Speeches and Writings . Edited with critical and analytical notes by Roy P. Basler and preface by Carl Sandburg. Cleveland: World Pub. Co., 1946. Reprint, New York, N.Y.: Da Capo Press, [1990].

------, ed. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. 9 vols. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1953-1955.

Basler, Roy P. and Christian O., eds. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln . Second supplement, 1848-1865. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1990.

Bates, David Homer. Lincoln in the Telegraph Office: Recollections of the United States Military Telegraph Corps During the Civil War . New York: Century Co., 1907. Reprint, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Lincoln, 1995.

------. The Telegraph Goes to War: The Personal Diary of David Homer Bates, Lincoln's Telegraph Operator . Edited by Donald E. Markle. Hamilton, N.Y.: Edmonston, 2003.

Beveridge, Albert J. Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1858. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1928.

Boritt, Gabor, ed. The Lincoln Enigma: The Changing Faces of an American Icon . New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

------, ed. Lincoln, The War President: The Gettysburg Lectures . Essays by Robert V. Bruce ... [et al.]. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Braden, Waldo W. Abraham Lincoln, Public Speaker. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.

Brickl, Frank C., comp. Lincoln's Words: Sentiments from the 16th President of the United States . Shippensburg, Pa.: Burd Street Press, 2001.

Browne, Francis Fisher, ed. The Every-Day Life of Abraham Lincoln. New York and St. Louis: N.D. Thompson, 1886. Reprint, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995.

Carman, Harry James, and Reinhard H. Luthin. Lincoln and the Patronage. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943.

Carwardine, Richard. Lincoln . Harlow: Pearson Longman, 2003.

Cash, Kenneth P. Abraham Lincoln: Responses . Independence, Ohio: K.P. Cash, 2003.

Charnwood, Godfrey Rathbone Benson, Baron. Abraham Lincoln . New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1917. Reprint, introduction by William E. Gienapp. Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications, 1997.

Coleman, Charles H. "Was Lincoln Eligible For Election to the United States Senate in 1855?" Lincoln Herald 60 (1958):

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