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Autor: anton • March 4, 2011 • 473 Words (2 Pages) • 433 Views
Amendment Number Four
The fourth amendment to the constitution of the United States came into existence through the experiences the colonists had with British customs officials, who, if they had a correct piece of paper, could search anything and/or everything deemed necessary. This caused many American colonists to be found in possession of smuggled goods, which was against the law, but had the English not looked, would have never been discovered.
This protects and hinders us to this day and time through the same basic concepts. Without this amendment in place, anyone could simply walk in off the street and begin messing about in anyone's personal things. For someone (usually a police officer) to be legally able to look for something that could be in a specific person's possession, the police officer must obtain a warrant from a judge stating that they have a legitimate, legal reason to poke through the things. In a court case, if a key piece of evidence is uncovered without a warrant (and required one), that piece of evidence is deemed "inadmissible" and therefore, worthless in the case. This was added to the constitution to deter law enforcement officials away from conducting unlawful searches and seizures and shows the ambiguity of the amendment itself. Another fine example of this is the "reasonable suspicion" clause. This states that a police officer has the right to frisk anyone who they personally deem as a threat to themselves or to society. Along with this is random drug tests, which require no warrant, but can provide sufficient information to get a person into a good deal of trouble, but this also has a limit. If someone goes into Planned Parenthood to take a pregnancy test, but that test is used to determine if the person has used illicit drugs, it would be illegal.
This goes to show that even