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People Of 1970's

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The 1970's are a decade of finding your self. In this decade, there were scandals, sex, drugs, and rock n' roll. The years between 1970 and 1979 were very crazy. In this paper are people that helped shape the 1970's

Richard Milhous Nixon was born in 1913 in Yorba Linda, California. In 1946, Nixon was persuaded by the republicans to be their candidate, to challenge the democratic congressman, Jerry Voorhis. As a new member of the United States congress, Nixon gained valuable experience in international affairs, as well as serving on the committee that he committed, the "European Recovery Program"Ð'...aka the Marshal plan. As the president of the United States, Nixon led us into the Vietnam War. It was said to be one of the most important issues that Nixon faced in his term of office. The war had begun in 1959 when communists tried to overthrow the government of South Vietnam. While running for president, Nixon had campaigned against war, saying that he would bring U.S. soldiers back home. However

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The War only seemed to expand. In April of 1970, Nixon authorized the invasion of Cambodia, and the invasion on Laos in 1971. As the second half of the war came around, in 1972, Nixon traveled to Beijing and in May of 1972 he Visited Moscow. On both of these trips, he signed trade agreements with both countries, and a treaty with USSR to limit the deployment of the antiballistic missile systems. By the 1972 election, Nixon and Agnew were looking for re-election. The countries inflation had gone down, and the international position of the U.S. economy had improved greatly. The war was still raging in South Vietnam. At the beginning of Nixon's second administration, the secret peace meetings resumed between Vietnam and the U.S. Nixon there declared a halt to all bombing, mining and artillery fire in North Vietnam. Nixon's popularity would only increase with the public's awareness of the Watergate scandal. By March of 1973, questions were aimed at Nixon about the trial of the burglars who had broken into the Democratic National Committee and the Watergate Complex in Washington D.C. These questions also raised questions about Nixon's knowledge about the activities and his participation of the cover up of the Watergate Scandal.

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In early 1974, a report released by the IRS stated that Nixon owed $432,787 in back taxes for the years 1969 through 1972. On August 5th of 1974, Nixon released the tapes showing that he had participated in the Watergate cover-up as early as June 23, 1972. The supporters of Nixon and his Campaign felt betrayed and it was clear that Nixon would be impeached. Nixon died of a stroke in 1994 and was buried next to his wife on the grounds of the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, California.

Another leader of the United States during the 1970's was Gerald R. Ford. He was the thirty-eighth president of the United States. Ford was also the only president elected neither president nor vice president. During his two and a half year term, he tried to restore the nations respect for the government that was damaged by the Watergate Scandal and an economy suffering from inflation and unemployment.

Another great president of the 1970's was Jimmy carter. He was the thirty-ninth president of the United States. Carter had only served one term as governor of Georgia before becoming president. James Earl Carter Jr. was born in 1924 in Plains, Georgia. In Carters early career, he server on the

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Nuclear submarine, Sea wolf and later worked for a nuclear engineering project. Because Carter was from the south, his attitudes towards different races were looked at closely during his presidential campaign. In 1971, Carter declared, "The time for racial discrimination is over". He appointed both blacks and whites and women to many state boards and positions. Carter decided that he wanted to run for president halfway through his four-year term as governor of Georgia. In his campaign, Carter promised to restore morality and honesty to the federal government. The people the trusted Carter the most were black. He won 17 of the 30 primaries he entered and easily won the nomination on the first ballot at the Democratic Nation Convention. As president of the United States, carter promised to reduce the defense budget and arms sales overseas, but both continued to climb sharply. Many members of the congress found Carter aloof and clumsy at political dealings.

Spiro T. Agnew was the 39th vice president of the United States. Spiro was born in 1918. In 1962, Agnew was elected Baltimore county Executive as a Republican, and four years later, he won the Maryland governorship. In

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1968 and 1972 Agnew was elected vice president on a ticket with Richard M. Nixon. As a vice president, he became known for his brilliantly phrased speeches, denouncing liberals, radicals, and other critics of the Nixon administration. On October 10, 1973, Agnew was fined $10,000 and sentenced to three years probation for tax evasion. Spiro Agnew later died in 1996.

Willy Brandt, was a German Statesman and receiver of the Nobel Peace Prize. His leadership was of major importance to the development of West Germany. Brandt was born on December 18, 1913. Brandt became a socialist at age 16 and was an active journalist. Brandt became internationally known as mayor of the city of west Berlin from 1957 through 1966. In 1969 he was elected chancellor and he retained the post in the general election of 1972. Brandt resigned in 1974 and assumed responsibility for the infiltration on an East German secret agent who had served on his staff as the Aide for Party Affairs. Brandt was awarded the 1971 Nobel Peace Prize for his work toward the relaxation of tension between eastern and western Europe. His policies led to the signing of the

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Non-Aggression Pact between West Germany and both the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Poland in 1970. After he left office, he was active as president of the Socialist International party.

Jim Morrison was an American singer and songwriter. In 1966 he formed a group called, The Doors. The group consisted of, Jim Morrison, Ray Manzarek, John Densmore, and Robbie Krieger. The group was later known for its wonderful performing style, of combining sensual movements and hard hitting sounds amplified to huge proportions. In 1971Morrison took a trip to France and later died there of a drug overdoes.

Bob

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