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Immigration Laws Remodeling

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                                Immigration Laws Remodeling        

When it comes to immigration laws, there can be diverse opinions on how it should be solved. In Mae M. Ngai’s article “Reforming Immigration for Good,” the writer talks about possible initiatives that could be put into effect for refining the current immigration system in the United States. She backs up her claims by referencing the past approaches in immigration laws and comparing those to go for a viable and improved law. Thorough reading of her article points out that she is more inclined towards reformations which would ultimately allow people to stay in the United States living the American dream.  She has suggested to focus on fair ways for bringing the ones residing illegitimately in this country for years into full permissible participation in their adopted home, which is the only barrier separating them from truly being American. The appeals that are used really puts a different perspective about immigration which we generally think about making us persuaded towards what she is meaning to imply. The use of political terms in the article limits her audience to just the ones who are accustomed to the contemporary political issues. She has provided an array of reformations and used suggestive tone to improve the present context of immigration.

The writer puts many facts in her article as a form of logos. In this approach she is trying to show the statistical side of her argument by giving raw data. She mentions about former president Barack Obama recognizing the role of immigrants in development and well-being of American nation. She talks about how Obama supported a bipartisan plan creating opportunity for 11 million illegal immigrants to be the legal citizens. This showed the president’s priorities on issues regarding immigration and domestic security. She states, “In the last quarter-century we have spent approximately $187 billion on enforcement, mostly along the United States-Mexico border. This included a nine-fold increase in the size of the Border Patrol since 1980; nearly 700 miles of fencing; and the deployment of surveillance drones and motion sensors.”. In this statement, she stresses the fact that excessive money is being spent on things that are not working out well. This is especially important to acknowledge because of everyday border issues with Mexico. In the statement, “The most important cause is our system of allocating green cards, or visas for permanent residency, which stipulates that no country may have more than 7 percent of the total each year. With an annual ceiling of 366,000 family- and employer-sponsored visas, the per country limit is 25,620.”, the writer is paving a path towards a possible reason on why there is so much trouble with immigration. She wants her readers to be clear on where actually the roots of the immigration problem are. In her statement,” Legalization of the undocumented is humane and practical, but the proposals for controlling future immigration are almost certain to fail.”, she deduced an outcome without any plausible evidences to support her claim which got directed towards fallacy in her logos.

Ngai has made an effective use of ethos while backing up her claims and ideas.  She provides references to her claims about various approaches used like the new guest worker program, Bracero program and the plans introduced by Senator Philip A. Hart which has created the idea that the writer is not basing her arguments on mere assumptions. These sources are a powerful measure to establish the credibility of the author. Citation of these sources proves that the writer has performed plenty of research on the matter to provide sensible opinions, facts, and data. Also, the fact that this article has been published in “The New York Times” magazine also acts as an ethos appeal. Her presentation of details about the past events trying to improve immigration laws has added to her credibility. She almost creates a timeline if not a story of the events. For example, she started off with “1986, when Congress passed the last comprehensive immigration reform bill.” She went on to add, “From the agricultural “Bracero Program” of the 1940s and ’50s to the current H-2 visa for temporary unskilled labor, these programs are notorious for employer abuse.” And later, she ends on the statement of “The 1986 reform regularized the status of nearly three million undocumented immigrants, but did nothing to change the system that encourages, even guarantees, future unauthorized entries.” This shows the authors knowledge of events that are correlated with immigration and leads the readers to believe that she is well familiar with this matter.



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