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Autor: anton • December 24, 2010 • 839 Words (4 Pages) • 9,755 Views
IMPORTANCE OF DEMOGRAPHY
The opinion could be ventured that the study of population was one of the milestones in the development of social sciences. Demography presents population data in, a systematic manner. Its importance could be gauged from the growing application of population figures in several disciplines of study. Its significance to the individual and
society hardly requires any emphasis.
In the recent decades population is multiplying by leaps and bounds. This phenomenon is having its impact in every sphere of human life, more particularly in the Social and economic life of the society Population policy constitutes the main plank of the global programme to salvage mankind from the spectre of hunger which hangs like the sword of Damocles
Significance of demography in different fields could be treated as under
(l)Political: l In the political field the authorities wou1d be able to know with the help of factual demographic data about, the rate at which the number of voters, both male and female, are increasing and how the generation gap is gradually influencing national and international politics Besides data on population can help in identifying pockets of high concentration, what types of arrangements will be needed for conducting elections, which are the areas from where influx of population takes place, establishment of international peace and prosperity, etc.
(2)Economic: The importance of demographic studies in the economic field compasses a wide spectrum it aids in framing economic programmes which can contribute to economic development. With the help of population studies we can know how far economic development is keeping pace with the rate of growth in population, which
helps in taking appropriate measures to overcome imbalance between the two, if any.
Population figures furnish information in occupational pattern which helps in assessing the growth and modernization of the economy. As pointed out by Kathrine Organki and A.F.K. Organski:Ð²Ð‚Ñšif you wish to know how fast a nation is progressing in its economic modernization, look at the figures on occupations, at the percentage of Population engaged in agriculture, in industry and in service.Ð²Ð‚Ñœ
Employment is a basic human need Population studies can help in focusing attention on the dimensionÐ²Ð‚™ of unemployment and employment which can be of use in evolving remedial measures. Information about per capita-income f the people, consumption habits, per capita consumption and production, etc., can be obtained as a result of population study.
(3)Economic planning: Economic planning for development is gaining universal acceptance, more particularly in the less developed nations as a sine qua nonÐ²Ð‚™ of the countryÐ²Ð‚™s progress and prosperity Planning involves the optimum use of human and material resources to subserve the best interest of the nation. Planning without
Precise data about population growth rates and its regional distribution would be like putting the cart before the horse. With the help of
population figures alone the planning authorities would be able to allocate resources to various sectors of the economy with a view to overcome regional imbalances Food production target and determination of the priorities of development cannot be undertaken without population figures Population and food supply are mutually bound up Without proper population studies, the