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Autor: anton • April 8, 2011 • 937 Words (4 Pages) • 459 Views
Symbolism is, without doubt, a major aspect of William Golding's enduring classic, Lord of the Flies, helping readers gain a better understanding of his message. Most of the symbols used can be divided into two groups: those representing law and order, and those signifying anarchy and savagery. In this essay, I will be discussing five of the more important symbols, specifically the jungle, the beast, the conch, the face paintings, and the hunt.
In this novel, the jungle symbolises the birthplace of savagery. Jack found the very first pig here, "caught in a curtain of creepers" and helpless, but could not bear "the enormity of the knife descending and cutting into living flesh". He was too inhibited by society's teachings at that time to allow himself to make that "downward stoke". Nevertheless, he wanted to prove to the others that he actually had the guts to end life, promising that "next time there would be no mercy". Exhilaration took over him after his first kill, and gradually, he hunted not for the need for meet, but for the sheer thrill of slaughter. Eventually, Jack and his hunters broke away from "Ralph's lot", and became savages, seeing as they could not be bothered with Ralph's rules about the signal fire, and just wanted to have "a smashing time" by slaying pigs. The jungle clearly signifies the origin of barbarity, because Jack found the first pig here, and his failure to kill it inspired him to kill many others just for kicks, causing him and his hunters to turn savage.
The beast represents the evil within the boys, allowing them to descend from civilised people to savage animals. The children all knew it existed, but none of them realised that the reason why they could not find it outside on the island was because it actually resided within them. Evidence of this is shown when Jack referred to the beast as "a hunter", but failed to see the connection that they were both hunters. Only Simon knew the beast for what it really was. However he thought of it, he saw "before his inward sight the picture of a human at once heroic and sick". This goes to show that he knew every human had a beast within, and was evil by nature. Progressively throughout the story, the beast went from being a figment of some littlun's imagination to something so frighteningly real that it required sacrifice if one were to be safe from it. Eventually, it turned the boys savage, and spurred them to take the lives of Simon and Piggy.
The conch is the symbol of power. In the beginning of the story, the boys voted for Ralph to be chief, just because he had the conch with him. They all wanted "him with the shell" to lead them, thus showing how everyone seemed to think that authority came from it. The power of free speech represented by the conch is illustrated by the fact that whoever held it had the "right to speak", and would not be interrupted. Not to mention, meetings could only be called by blowing it, and wherever it was, "that's a meeting". As the boys ignored the conch more and more often, Ralph also had less and less control over them. People interrupted him, even when he held the conch, and eventually, Jack formed his own tribe of savages. Its power was finally broken with the fall of Piggy, when it "exploded